The Birth of Bioethics

The Birth of Bioethics

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The field of "bioethics" represents a dramatic revision of the centuries-old ethics that governed the behaviour of physicians and their relationships with patients. Those ethics were challenged in the years after World War II by remarkable advances in biomedical science and medicine that raised questions about the definition of death, the use of life-support systems, organ transplantation and reproductive manipulation. In response, philosophers and theologians, lawyers and social scientists joined with physicians and scientists to rethink and revise the old standards. Governments established commissions to recommend policies. Courts heard arguments and legislatures passed laws. This book is a broad history of the growing field of bioethics. Covering the period 1947-1987, it examines the origin and evolution of the debates over human experimentation, genetic engineering, organ transplantation, termination of life-sustaining treatment and new reproductive technologies. It assesses the contributions of philosophy, theology, law and the social sciences to the expanding discourse of bioethics.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 448 pages
  • 167.64 x 233.68 x 33.02mm | 839.14g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 0195103254
  • 9780195103250

About Albert R. Jonsen

Albert R. Jonsen, Ph.D., is Chairman of the Department of Medical History and Ethics and Professor of Ethics in Medicine at the School of Medicine, University of Washington. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Sciences, and has served on the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research and the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine.show more

Table of contents

PART I: BIOETHICAL BEGINNINGS: THE PEOPLE AND THE PLACES; 1. "Great Issues of Conscience": Ethics Before Bioethics; 2. The Theologians: Rediscovering the Tradition; 3. The Philosophers: Clarifying the Concepts; 4. Commissioning Bioethics: The Government in Bioethics, 1974-1983; PART II: THE PROBLEMS; 5. Experiments Perilous: The Ethics of Research with Human Subjects; 6. Splicing Life: Genetics and Ethics; 7. The Miracle of Modern Medicine: The Ethics of Organ Transplantation and Artificial Organs; 8. Who Should Live? Who Should Die? The Ethics of Death and Dying; 9. O Brave New World! The Ethics of Human Reproduction; PART III: DISCIPLINE, DISCOURSE AND ETHOS; 10. Bioethics as Discipline; 11. Bioethics as Discourse; 12. Bioethics and the American Ethosshow more

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