Biomechanics of the Upper Limbs

Biomechanics of the Upper Limbs : Mechanics, Modelling and Musculoskeletal Injuries

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The repetitive tasks of various forms of manual work can lead to cumulative trauma disorders, increasing staff burn-out rates and the number of sick-days taken by employees. In addition, interest in upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders has grown as the service sector has claimed a larger share of the workforce. These factors introduce the need for an up-to-date text that combines basic biomechanics with practical bioengineering issues. "Biomechanics of the Upper Limbs: Mechanics, Modeling, and Musculoskeletal Injuries" is an engineering oriented book focusing on upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders, as opposed to the more general introductions to cumulative trauma disorders and medical management related books. It covers musculoskeletal components of the upper extremities, their models, and the measurement and prediction of injury potential. Students and professionals will find it provides an excellent basic grounding in the subject.Topics include: a basic introduction to biomechanical principles; gross structure of the musculoskeletal system, including bone and soft tissue; organization of muscles and muscle anatomy, types of fibers, contractile theories, and muscle receptors; modeling of muscle mechanics; models of the upper limbs; types of musculoskeletal disorders and the scientific evidence for risk factors, as well as epidemiology; instrumentation for motion, pressure, force and nerve conduction measurements, and electromyography; job and worksite analysis; hand tools; and, office environment seating and computer more

Product details

  • Hardback | 624 pages
  • 162 x 234 x 38mm | 997.91g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 241 black & white illustrations, 71 black & white tables
  • 0748409262
  • 9780748409266

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION TO BIOMECHANICS What is Biomechanics? Basic Concepts Coordinate Systems Force Vector Algebra Static Equilibrium Anthropometry and Center of Mass Determination Friction Dynamics STRUCTURE OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Gross Overview of Movements The Skeletal System Mechanical Properties of Bone Soft Connective Tissue Joints NEUROMUSCULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND MOTOR CONTROL Introduction to Musculature Structure of Muscle Basic Cell Physiology The Nervous System The Excitation-contraction Sequence Motor Units Basic Muscle Properties (Mechanics) Energy, Metabolism and Heat Production Receptors Reflexes and Motor Control MODELING OF MUSCLE MECHANICS Laplace transforms and Transfer Functions Viscoelastic Theory Hill's Muscle Models Frequency Analysis Frequency Analysis of Passive Muscle Hatze's Multi-element Model Applications of the Hatze Muscle Model Control Theory and Motor Control Root Locus Approach to Muscle Modeling MODELS OF THE UPPER LIMBS Anatomy of the Hand and Wrist Static Tendon-Pulley Models Dynamic Tendon Pulley Models Complex Tendon Models A Two-dimensional Hand Model Direct Measurement Validation Studies Critical Evaluation of Modeling Approaches MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND RISK FACTORS The Extent of the Problem Common Musculoskeletal Disorders and their Etiology Medical Diagnosis and Treatment of MSDs Epidemiologic approach to MSDs The Scientific Research and Evidence for Occupational Risk Factors The Scientific Research and Evidence for Psychosocial Risk Factors Iatrogenesis INSTRUMENTATION Introduction Wrist and Finger Motion Measurement Pressure and Force Distribution Measurements Nerve Conduction Measurements Electromyography JOB AND WORKSITE RELATED ANALYSIS The Need for Job Analysis Reliability and Validity of Assessment Tools Initial Identification of Musculoskeletal Injury Problems Gross Posture and Task Analyses Quantitaive Upper Limb WRMSD Risk Assessment Tools Data Driven Upper Limb WRMSD Risk Index HAND TOOLS Introduction General Biomechanical Considerations of Tools Handles for Single-handled Tools Handles for Two-handled Tools Other Tool Considerations Agricultural and Forestry Tools Industrial Tools THE OFFICE ENVIRONMENT General Musculoskeletal Problems The Seated Workplace The Keyboard The Mouse and Other Cursor-positioning Devices Notebooks and Hand-held PCs Control Measures Glossary Author Index Subject Index Each chapter also includes questions, problems, and referencesshow more

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