Biology and Violence

Biology and Violence : From Birth to Adulthood

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Description

The author examines criminal behaviour from birth to adulthood in a sample of nearly 1,000 subjects in order to determine the biological and sociological influences on violence. Over 100 predictors of violent behaviour found to be significant in past biological and sociological studies of crime are analysed. The results indicate that both biological and environmental factors produce strong, and independent, effects on both delinquency and adult crime and violence among both males and females. Powerful influences on violence include behavioural disorder during youth, low school achievement, hyperactivity, lead poisoning, and low levels of parental education. The results do not confirm the findings of previous studies that indicate direct relationships between delinquency and early intelligence, mental retardation, socioeconomic status, or early central nervous system dysfunction. The author concludes that many of the factors contributing to criminal and violent behaviour can be prevented because they have clear environmental origins that can be eliminated.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 1139242555
  • 9781139242554

Table of contents

Foreword Marvin E. Wolfgang; Preface; Introduction; 1. Biological and environmental influences on crime; 2. Violent criminals as children and as adults; 3. Intelligence and crime; 4. Biological and environmental predictors of crime; 5. Case studies of violent and career criminals; 6. Biology and responsibility; Appendix: selection and distribution of Biosocial Project variables; References; Author index; Subject index.show more

Review quote

"The first chapter provides a very comprehensive literature review to lay the groundwork regarding the debate over biological versus environmental impacts on criminal behavior and to demonstrate the lack of unanimity among theorists....She also provides an excellent critique of research methodology, pointing out the flaws in previous research on biological determinants of crime." Linda S. Moore, Social Science Quarterly "Denno's book is a refreshing change; it is an explicit effort to evaluate the role of both biological and social influences in criminal behavior....This book takes an important first step toward integrating biological and social perspectives...." David C. Rowe, Contemporary Sociologyshow more