Biological Science, Vol 2, Evol/Ecol
For courses in general biology for majors.Infused with the spirit of inquiry, Freeman, Biological Science helps teach students the fundamentals while introducing them to the excitement that drives the science. By presenting unifying concepts and methods of analysis, Biological Science helps students learn to think like a biologist and gives them the tools they need for success in upper-division courses
- Paperback | 310 pages
- 228.6 x 274.3 x 14.5mm | 952.56g
- 07 Mar 2002
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
Table of contents
1. Biology and the Tree of Life. The Cell Theory. The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection. The Tree of Life. Biological Science.Box 1.1: Scientific Names and Terms.Box 1.2: Medicine, Economics and the Tree of Life.Essay: Where Do Humans Fit on the Tree of Life?UNIT V. EVOLUTIONARY PATTERNS AND PROCESSES. 21. Darwinism and the Evidence for Evolution. The Evidence for Evolution. How Natural Selection Works. Evolution in Action: Recent Research on Natural Selection.Box 21.1: The Evidence for Evolution.Box 21.2: How Natural Selection Works.Box 21.3: Evolutionary Theory Before Darwin.Box 21.4: Problems in Estimating the Heritability of Traits.Essay: The Debate over "Scientific Creationism".22. Evolutionary Processes. Why is Genetic Diversity Important? Analyzing Allele Frequency Change: The Hardy-Weinberg Principle. Mutation. Migration. Inbreeding. Natural Selection. Sexual Selection.Essay: Evolutionary Theory and Human Health.23. Speciation. Defining and Identifying Species. Isolation and Divergence in Sympatry. Isolation and Divergence in Allopatry. Secondary Contact.Box 23.1: How Do Researchers Estimate Phylogenetic Trees?Essay: Human Races.24. The History of Life. Tools for Studying History. The Cambrian Explosion. The Genetic Mechanisms of Change. Adaptive Radiations. Mass Extinctions.Box 24.1: The Molecular Clock.Essay: Is a Mass Extinction Event Under Way Now?UNIT VI. THE DIVERSIFICATION OF LIFE. 25. Bacteria and Archaea. What Are the Bacteria and Archaea? Metabolic Diversity in Bacteria and Archaea? Bacteria, Archaea, and Global Change. Bacterial Diseases.Box 25.1: Cultural Techniques as a Research Tool.Essay: Antibiotics and the Evolution of Resistance.26. Viruses. What Are the Viruses? What Is HIV? How Does and HIV Infection Begin? How Does HIV Replicate Its Genome? How Are Viral Proteins Translated and Processed? How Are Viruses Transmitted to New Hosts?Box 26.1: Where Did Viruses Come From?Essay: Emerging Viruses.27. Protists. What Are the Protists? Themes in the Evolution of Protists? The Origin of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts. How Do Protists Affect Human Health and Welfare?Box 27.1: How Should We Name the Tree of Life's Major Branches?Essay: Revolutions in Science.28. Land Plants. Phylogenies and the Fossil Record: origins and Diversification. The Transition to Land: Key Innovations and Trends. Strategies for Photon Capture. Food, Fuel, and Fiber: Human Use of Pants.Essay: Genetic Diversity in Crop Plants?29. Fungi. What Are the Fungi? Growth, Digestion, and Absorption. Mutualism. Parasitism.Box 29.1: The Problem of Convergence.Box 29.2: Fungi at Work.Essay: Why Are Frogs Dying?30. Animals. Origins and Early Diversification. Feeding. Key Innovations in the Radiation of Arthropods. Key Innovations in the Radiation of Vertebrates. Human Evolution.Essay: So Human An Animal.UNIT IX. ECOLOGY. 47. Behavior. The Role of Genes. How Animals Act: Neural and Hormonal Control. The Adaptive Consequences of Behavior. The Evolution of Behavior.Box 47.1: Using Reverse Genetics to Study Behavior.Box 47.2: Conditional Strategies and the Nature/Nurture Debate.Box 47.3: The Importance of Observation in Behavioral Studies.Box 47.4: Calculating the Coefficient of Relatedness.Essay: Children at Risk.48. Population Ecology. Population Growth. How Do the Sizes of Populations Change over Time? Population Structure. Demography and Conservation.Box 48.1: What's the Best Way to Clean Up an Oil Spill?Box 48.2: Mark-Recapture Studies.Essay: What Limits Human Population Growth?49. Species Interactions. Parasitism. Predation. Herbivory. Competition. Mutualism.Essay: Predator Control.50. Community Ecology. Climate and the Distribution of Ecological Communities. How Predictable Are Community Assemblages? Species Diversity in Ecological Communities.Box 50.1: Measuring Species Diversity.Essay: Let-It-Burn Policies.51. Ecosystems. Energy Flow and Trophic Structure. Biogeochemical Cycles.Essay: Global Warming.52. Biodiversity and Conservation. How Many Species Are Being Lost, and Why? Why Should We Care? Setting Conservation Priorities.Box 52.1: Why Do Small Populations Become Inbred, and Why is Inbreeding Harmful?Essay: Metaphors for the Future: Easter Island and Guanacaste.Appendix. Glossary. Index.
About Scott Freeman
Scott Freeman received his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Washington and was nominated for an Excellence in Teaching Award in 1989. He was subsequently awarded an Albert Sloan Postdoctoral Fellowship in Molecular Evolution at Princeton University to investigate how generation time affects the rate of molecular evolution. Dr. Freeman's research publications explore a range of topics from the behavioral ecology of nest parasitism to the molecular systematics of the blackbird family. As an affiliate faculty member at the University of Washington, he has taught courses in evolution and has played an active role in the redesign of the general biology course. He is currently teaching the majors general biology course using an inquiry-based approach that emphasizes the logic of experimental design and the mastery of core concepts required for success in upper-level courses. Dr. Freeman is the co-author of Evolutionary Analysis, which presents evolutionary principles in the same spirit of inquiry that drives research.