Biological Science, Vol 3, Plant/Animal

Biological Science, Vol 3, Plant/Animal

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For courses in general biology for majors.

Infused with the spirit of inquiry, Freeman, Biological Science helps teach students the fundamentals while introducing them to the excitement that drives the science. By presenting unifying concepts and methods of analysis, Biological Science helps students learn to think like a biologist and gives them the tools they need for success in upper-division courses
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Product details

  • Paperback | 324 pages
  • 229.1 x 276.4 x 13.7mm | 943.49g
  • Pearson
  • United States
  • English
  • 0130933155
  • 9780130933157

Table of contents

1. Biology and the Tree of Life.

The Cell Theory. The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection. The Tree of Life. Biological Science.

Box 1.1: Scientific Names and Terms.

Box 1.2: Medicine, Economics and the Tree of Life.

Essay: Where Do Humans Fit on the Tree of Life?


31. Plant Form and Function.

The Diversity of Plant Form. Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Systems. The Anatomy of Plant Growth. Studying Adaptation.

Box 31.1: Nonvascular Plants.

Box 31.2: Monocots and Dicots.

Box 31.3: Tree-Ring Studies.

Essay: Wood as a Structural Material.

32. Water and Sugar Transport in Plants.

Water Potential and Cell-to-Cell Movement. Transpiration and Water Movement from Roots to Leaves. Translocation.

Essay: Irrigated Agriculture.

33. Plant Nutrition.

Nutritional Requirements. Soil. Nutrient Uptake. Nitrogen Fixation. Nutritional Adaptation of Plants.

Essay: Tropical Soils.

34. Sensory Systems in Plants.

Sensing Light. How Do Plants Perceive Gravity? How Do Plants Respond to Touch?

Essay: Can Plants Tell Time?

35. Communication: Chemical Signals.

Phototropism. Apical Dominance. Growth and Dormancy.

Box 35.1: Cytokinins.

Essay: Herbicides.

36. Plant Reproduction.

An Introduction to Plant Reproduction. Reproductive Structures. Pollination and Fertilization. The Seed.

Box 36.1: Pure and Applied Science.

Essay: Why Do Wasps Try to Copulate with Hammer Orchids?

37. Plant Defense Systems.

Barriers to Entry. Plant Poisons. The Cost of Defense. Responding to Pathogens. Responding to Herbivores.

Essay: Chemical Prospecting.


38. Animal Form and Function.

The Nature of Natural Selection. The Nature of Adaptation. Tissues, Organs, and Systems: How Does Structure Correlate with Function? Body Size and Scaling. Homeostasis.

Essay: Is Fever Adaptive?

39. Water and Electrolyte Balance in Animals.

Osmotic Stress and Osmoregulation. Water and Electrolyte Balance in Aquatic Environments. Water and Electrolyte Balance in Terrestrial Invertebrates. Water and Electrolyte Balance in Terrestrial Vertebrates.

Essay: Life in the Desert.

40. Animal Nutrition.

Nutritional Requirements. Obtaining Food: The Structure and Function of Beaks, Teeth, and Mouthparts. Digestion. Nutritional Homeostasis-Glucose as a Case Study.

Essay: Cholesterol, Heart Disease, and Diet.

41. Gas Exchange and Circulation.

Air and Water as Respiratory Media. Organs of Gas Exchange. Blood. The Circulatory System. Homeostasis in Blood Pressure and Blood Chemistry.

Box 41.1: Measuring Blood Pressure.

Essay: Smoking and Lung Function.

42. Electrical Signals in Animals.

Principles of Electrical Signaling. Dissecting the Action Potential. The Synapse. The Vertebrate Nervous System.

Box 42.1: The Nernst Equation and the Goldman Equation.

Essay: Can Brain Tissue Transplants Help People with Parkinson's Disease?

43. Animal Sensory Systems and Movement.

How Do Sensory Organs Convey Information to the Brain? Hearing? Vision? Taste and Smell. Movement.

Box 43.1: Senses that Humans Don't Have.

Box 43.2: Vertebrate Versus Cephalopod Eyes.

Essay: Sprinters and Marathoners-Born or Made?

44. Chemical Signals in Animals.

Cataloging Hormone Structure and Function. What Do Hormones Do? How Is the Production of Hormones Regulated? How Do Hormones Act on Target Cells?

Box 44.1: A Closer Look at Thyroxine and the Thyroid Gland.

Box 44.2: Oxytocin and ADH.

Essay: Do Humans Produce Pheromones?

45. Animal Reproduction.

Asexual and Sexual Reproduction. Fertilization and Egg Development. Reproductive Structures and Their Functions. The Role of Sex Hormones in Mammalian Reproduction. Human Pregnancy and Birth.

Box 45.1: Unusual Aspects of Fertilization.

Box 45.2: Abuse of Synthetic Steroids.

Essay: Contraception.

46. The Immune System in Animals.

Innate Immunity. The Acquired Immune Response: Recognition. The Acquired Immune Response: Activation. The Acquired Immune Response: Culmination.

Box 46.1: Producing Monoclonal Antibodies.

Box 46.2: How Does the Immune System Distinguish Self from Non-Self?

Box 46.3: The ELISA Test.

Essay: Allergies.

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About Scott Freeman

Scott Freeman received his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Washington and was nominated for an Excellence in Teaching Award in 1989. He was subsequently awarded an Albert Sloan Postdoctoral Fellowship in Molecular Evolution at Princeton University to investigate how generation time affects the rate of molecular evolution. Dr. Freeman's research publications explore a range of topics from the behavioral ecology of nest parasitism to the molecular systematics of the blackbird family. As an affiliate faculty member at the University of Washington, he has taught courses in evolution and has played an active role in the redesign of the general biology course. He is currently teaching the majors general biology course using an inquiry-based approach that emphasizes the logic of experimental design and the mastery of core concepts required for success in upper-level courses. Dr. Freeman is the co-author of Evolutionary Analysis, which presents evolutionary principles in the same spirit of inquiry that drives research.
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