1. Introduction; N.M. van Straalen, D.A. Krivolutsky. Ecotoxicological Approaches. 2. Critical Body Concentrations: Their Use in Bioindication; N.M. van Straalen. 3. Constraints in the Use of Bioindicators and Biomarkers in Ecotoxicology; P.J. Migula. 4. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil Detritivores; J.H. Faber, G.J.S.M. Heijmans. 5. Sublethal Toxicity Test for Long-Lived Iteroparous Invertebrates: Searching for a Solution; R. Laskowski, et al. 6. Possible Application of Fuzzy System Simulation Models for Biomonitoring Soil Pollution in Urban Areas; G.P. Stamou, G.B. Stamou. Community and Systems Approaches. 7. Essential Criteria for Selecting Bioindicator Species, Processes, or Systems to Assess the Environmental Impact of Chemicals on Soil Ecosystems; C.A. Edwards, et al. 8. The Maturity Index as an Instrument for Risk Assessment of Soil Pollution; G.W. Korthals, et al. 9. The Use of Macro- Invertebrates for Population and Community Monitoring of Metal Contamination - Indicator Taxa, Effect Parameters and the Need for a Soil Invertebrate Prediction and Classification Scheme (SIVPACS); D.J. Spurgeon, et al. 10. The Problem of Scale in Bioindication of Soil Contamination; A.D. Pokarzhevskii. 11. Biodiversity Indicators for Sustainability. Assessment of Rural Landscapes; M.G. Paoletti, D. Sommaggio. Soil Invertebrates in Bioindication Systems. 12. An Integrated Bioindication System Applied to Soil Pollution Assessments: From Earthworms to Ecosystems; M.B. Bouche. 13. Insects in Bioindication of Soil Pollution; R.O. Butovsky. 14. Soil Spiders and Bioindication; J.-P. Maelfait. 15. Soil Animals and Bioindication; H.H. Koehler. Bioindicator Systems in Practice. 16. Soil Fauna as Bioindicator of Radioactive Pollution; D.A. Krivolutsky. 17. A Hierarchical Approach to Ecological Assessment of Contaminated Soils at Aberdeen Proving Ground, USA; R.G. Kuperman. 18. Bioprocessing of Organic Wastes: Safety for Landspreading them; J. Dominguez, S. Mato. 19. Ecotoxicological Bioindication; PAH, PCB and Heavy Metals Studied in the Natural Resource Monitoring Programme of Berlin (Germany); W. Kratz. 20. Heavy Metals in Russian Wetlands; A.V. Zhulidov. Recommendations. List of Contributors. Subject Index.