Bioengineering Fundamentals

Bioengineering Fundamentals : United States Edition

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Description

For sophomore-level courses in bioengineering, biomedical engineering, and related fields. Combining engineering principles with technical rigor and a problem-solving focus, this textbook takes a unifying, interdisciplinary approach to the conservation laws that form the foundation of bioengineering: mass, energy, charge, and momentum.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 552 pages
  • 203.2 x 254 x 25.4mm | 1,111.31g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States
  • English
  • Figures; Tables, black and white; Illustrations, black and white
  • 0130938386
  • 9780130938381

Table of contents

1. Introduction to Engineering Calculation 1.1 Instructional Objectives 1.2 Physical Variables, Units, and Dimensions 1.3 Unit Conversion 1.4 Dimensional Analysis 1.5 Specific Physical Variables 1.5.1 Extensive and Intensive Properties 1.5.2 Scalar and Vector Quantities 1.5.3 Applications 1.5.3.1 Parkinson's Disease 1.5.3.2 Mars Surface Conditions 1.5.3.3 Getting to Mars 1.5.3.4 Gene Transfer Technology 1.5.3.5 Microsurgical Assistant 1.5.3.6 Victoria Falls 1.5 Quantization and Data Presentation 1.6 Solving Systems of Linear Equations in MATLAB 1.7 Methodology for Solving Engineering Problems References Problems 2. Foundations of Conservation Principles 2.1 Instructional Objectives 2.2 Introduction to the Conservation Laws 2.3 Counting Extensive Properties in a System 2.4 Accounting and Conservation Equations 2.4.1 Algebraic Accounting Statements 2.4.2 Differential Accounting Statements 2.4.3 Integral Accounting Statements 2.4.4 Algebraic Conservation Equation 2.4.5 Differential Conservation Equation 2.4.6 Integral Conservation Equation 2.5 System Descriptions 2.5.1 Describing the Input and Output Terms2.5.2 Describing the Generation and Consumption Terms 2.5.3 Describing the Accumulation Term 2.5.4 Changing Your Assumptions Changes how a System is Described2.6 Summary of use of Accounting and Conservation Equations Problems 3. Conservation of Mass 3.1 Instructional Objectives and Motivation 3.1.1 Tissue Engineering 3.2 Basic Mass Concepts3.3 Review of Mass Accounting and Conservation Statements 3.4 Open, Non-Reacting, Steady-State Systems3.5 Steady-State Systems with Multiple Inlets and Outlets 3.6 Systems with Multicomponent Mixtures 3.7 Systems with Multiple Units 3.8 Systems with Chemical and Biochemical Reactions 3.9 Dynamic systems References Problems 4. Conservation of Energy 4.1 Instructional Objectives and Motivation 4.1.1 Bioenergy 4.2 Basic Energy Concepts 4.2.1 Energy Possessed by Mass 4.2.2 Energy in Transition 4.2.3 Enthalpy 4.3 Review of Energy Conservation Statements 4.4 Closed and Isolated Systems 4.5 Calculation of Enthalpy in Non-Reactive Processes 4.5.1 Enthalpy as a State Function 4.5.2 Change in Temperature 4.5.3 Change in Pressure 4.5.4 Changes in Phase 4.5.5 Mixing Effects4.6 Open, Steady-State Systems-No Potential or Kinetic Energy Changes4.7 Open, Steady-State Systems with Potential or Kinetic Energy Changes 4.8 Calculation of Enthalpy in Reactive Processes 4.8.1 Heat of Reaction 4.8.2 Heat of Formation and Heat of Combustion4.8.3 Heat of Reaction Calculations at Non-Standard Conditions 4.9 Open Systems with Reactions 4.10 Dynamic Systems References Problems 5. Conservation of Charge 5.1 Instructional Objectives and Motivation 5.1.1 Neurosensors 5.2 Basic Charge Concepts 5.2.1 Charge 5.2.2 Current 5.2.3 Coulomb's Law and Electric Fields 5.2.4 Electrical Energy5.3 Review of Charge Accounting and Conservation Statements5.3.1 Accounting Equations for Positive and Negative Charge 5.3.2 Conservation Equation for Net Charge 5.4 Review of Electrical Energy Accounting Statement 5.5 Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL) 5.6 Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL) 5.6.1 Elements that Generate Electrical Energy 5.6.2 Elements that Consume Electrical Energy 5.6.3 Discussion and Derivation of KVL 5.6.4 Einthoven's Law 5.7 Dynamic Systems 5.8 Dynamic Systems and Electrical Energy 5.9 Reacting Systems-Focus on Charge 5.9.1 Radioactive Decay 5.9.2 Acids and Bases 5.9.3 Electrochemical Reactions 5.10 Reacting Systems-Focus on Electrical Energy References Problems 6. Conservation of Momentum 6.1 Instructional Objectives and Motivation 6.1.1 Bicycle Kinematics 6.2 Basic Momentum Concepts6.2.1 Transfer of Linear Momentum Possessed by Mass6.2.2 Transfer of Linear Momentum Contributed by Forces6.2.3 Transfer of Angular Momentum Possessed by Mass6.2.4 Transfer of Angular Momentum Contributed by Forces6.2.5 Definition of Particles, Rigid Bodies, and Fluids 6.3 Review of Linear Momentum Conservation Statements6.4 Review of Angular Momentum Conservation Statements 6.5 Rigid-Body Statics 6.6 Fluid Statics 6.7 Isolated, Steady-State Systems6.8 Steady-State Systems with Movement of Mass Across System Boundaries 6.9 Unsteady-State Systems 6.10 Reynolds Number 6.11 Mechanical Energy and Bernoulli Equations 6.11.1 Mechanical Energy Accounting Equation 6.11.2 Bernoulli Equation6.11.3 Additional Applications Using the Mechanical Energy and Bernoulli Equations References Problems 7. Case Studies 7.A Breathe Easy: The Human Lungs Background Information References Problems Focusing on the Human Lungs 7.B Keeping the Beat: The Human Heart Background Information References Problems Focusing on the Human Heart 7.C On Your Way Out: The Human Kidneys Background Information References Problems Focusing on the Human Kidneys Appendices Appendix A: List of Symbols Appendix B: Factors for Unit Conversion Appendix C: Periodic Table of Elements Appendix D: Tables of Biological Data Appendix E: Thermodynamic Datashow more

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