Biblical Antiquities; A Hand-Book

Biblical Antiquities; A Hand-Book

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1893 edition. Excerpt: ...ruled by governors (tirshathas). Such a governor was Zerubbabel (whose Persian name was Sheshbazzar), and later, Ezra and Nehemiah. Ample power was accorded to these Jewish officers by the Persian monarchs; but regular tribute was required. The exact amount of it is not stated. If Palestine was treated like other provinces, and the statements of Herodotus are to be trusted, it was no inconsiderable sum, the ground tax alone amounting to about twenty talents of silver.1 Besides this there would be taxes for the support of troops and the households of officials, including the Jewish governors themselves unless they declined it.2 The so-called " Great Synagogue," which existed in this period, was in no sense a political body, and the functions of the high priest were essentially religious. The people no longer attempted to keep up their former tribal organizations or to occupy their original tribal districts. Even the distinction between Judah and Benjamin largely disappeared, especially in Jerusalem where the chief representatives of both tribes had their home. Only the priests and Levites maintained their genealogical lists relatively uneorrupted. 25. During the brief reign of Alexander, the Jews were treated with marked favor. The story of Josephus concerning this ruler's visit to Jerusalem cannot be accepted as authentic.3 Undoubtedly, however, many Jews voluntarily entered the ranks of his army on his victorious march into Egypt. Among his successors, the attempt of Antiochus Epiphanes forcibly to Hellenize the Jewish people led to an extended revolt and a bitter conflict, which lasted for forty years. Largely through the valor and wisdom of the Maccabsean heroes, Judas, Jonathan and Simon, the yoke of Syria was at last more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 8mm | 286g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236972023
  • 9781236972026