Beyond Redistribution : White Supremacy and Racial Justice
Kevin M. Graham argues that political philosophy cannot fully understand race-related injustice without shifting its focus away from distributive inequities between whites and nonwhites and toward white supremacy, the unfair power relationships that allow whites to dominate and oppress nonwhites. Graham's analysis of the racial politics of police violence and public education in Omaha, Nebraska, vividly illustrates why the pursuit of racial justice in the United States must move beyond redistribution.
- Hardback | 146 pages
- 157.48 x 231.14 x 15.24mm | 680.39g
- 16 Feb 2010
- Lexington Books
- Lanham, MD, United States
Table of contents
Introduction Chapter 1. Racism or White Supremacy? Understanding Race-Related Injustice Chapter 2. Police Violence and the White Supremacist State Chapter 3. The Political Significance of Social Identity Chapter 4. Autonomy, Individualism, and Social Justice Chapter 5. Distributive Justice and the Injustice of Hate Speech Chapter 6. After the Buses Stop Running: Distributive Justice or Dialogue?
In Beyond Redistribution, Kevin Graham argues that the system of white supremacy still prevailing in the United States is characterized not only by an unfair distribution of economic resources, but also by derogatory controlling images of non-white persons. Graham contends that distributive liberalism is incapable of fully understanding the injustice of this white supremacist system; for instance, it can neither fully comprehend nor remedy the serious harms perpetrated by hate speech. In Graham's view, philosophers concerned to address white supremacy should begin by developing an understanding of participatory democracy, since schemes for distributing social resources can be devised only in a context of pluralistic deliberation. Graham's book makes a substantive contribution both to critical liberal and critical race theory and will be a valuable teaching tool. It is short, clear, incisive and full of examples of white supremacy, especially as this operates in Graham's own city of Omaha, Nebraska. -- Alison Jaggar, University of Colorado at Boulder In this thought-provoking new work, Graham (Creighton Univ.) explores the limits of distributive justice for understanding race relations in the US. He argues that white supremacy is a more complicated phenomenon than theories of distributive justice, which are animated by the protection of individual rights, can address. Graham discusses the work of John Rawls and John Stuart Mill to illuminate his argument that the assumptions that impact distributive policies can have disparate impacts without being obviously discriminatory. He advocates a broader approach that undermines the legitimacy of white supremacist attitudes through discussions of education, hate speech, and what he terms "controlling images," which are widely held stereotypes that affect who is perceived as morally and socially worthy of public benefits. Graham argues for a theory that makes all citizens equal participants in the polity. This illuminating work challenges the assumptions of philosophers and political theorists in regard to race. Highly recommended. CHOICE, September 2010 Discussions of justice in American philosophy continue to neglect race, that most salient and enduring American injustice. In this brief but compelling book, written with exemplary clarity, Kevin Graham challenges white liberalism to deal with the ongoing reality of white supremacy. -- Charles W. Mills, CUNY Graduate Center
About Kevin M. Graham
Kevin M. Graham is associate professor of philosophy at Creighton University.