Beyond Employment

Beyond Employment : Time, Work and the Informal Economy

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Description

This book examines the debate surrounding the future of "waged work" and the growth of an informal economy. After detailed research, Offe and Heinze argue that although "being employed" is held to be the normal psychological, social and economic state of affairs, the experiences of recent decades, and the persistent crisis of employment, have shown that the nature of waged work, or exchanging time for money, is being transformed. The authors examine the two institutionalized sectors of employment - private housholds and the labour market - and explain how an informal economy has emerged within which goods and services are exchanged, not for money but for mutual assistance, co-operation and payment in kind.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 220 pages
  • 152 x 229mm | 539g
  • Polity Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • Illustrated
  • Illustrated edition
  • index, bibliography
  • 0745608418
  • 9780745608419

Table of contents

Part 1 Household needs and systems for meeting them: time, money and types of households; the reference problem of the study and the "co-operation circle" pattern for solving it. Part 2 Local moneyless exchange systems at other times and in other countries: "useful activities" in the grey area between leisure consumption and gainful employment - an overview; historical excursus; Canada - the "Local Employment and Trading System" (LETS); United States - the "Service Credits" system; Netherlands - a case study of the exchange economy; Federal German Republic - the search for new ways of organizing social commitment; functional weaknesses of moneyless exchange networks. Part 3 Towards a theory of moneyless exchange: strategic advantages of money as a medium of exchange; examples of moneyless transactions outside the informal economy; transaction in exchange networks - the problems reviewed. Part 4 The co-operation circle system: practical hints on setting up the system; co-operation circles and social reforms.show more

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