Between Pasha and Ummah

Between Pasha and Ummah : The Role of the Armed Forces in Turkey's Emergence as a Geostrategic Power

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Islam was born in the Hejaz, that region of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Red Sea, where the holy places of Mecca and Medina are located. In the seventh century it was a lonely and desolate land where tribal loyalty was the only certainty. While loyalty to a place was known, it was typically to a village and at most to a region. Loyalty to a state was unknown. With the embrace of Islam, the ummah, the collective Islamic community, became the principle focus of loyalty and commitment. The Ottoman state was born on the frontier between Islam and Byzantine Christendom. Its leaders and armies became 'March warriors' - the vanguard - in a holy war, carrying the sword and the faith of Islam into new lands. At the time, it was one of the greatest empires of the world, stretching from the Caucasus to the Balkans to North Africa. Its armies, feared through much of the Eastern world, defeated and occupied the Byzantine Empire and threatened the gates of the West. In the twentieth century, Turkey has emerged as a promise of a secular, modern Islamic state. She is torn between a secular West and an Islamic community seeking a leader in the modern world. Against the backdrop of the so-called 'war on terror, Turkey's emerging role will, in great part, continue to be steered by her pashas, her military leaders.' This book examines the armed forces' role in Turkish domestic and foreign policy and their leading role in Turkey's redefinition as a geostrategic power and the implications for its future relations with the West. The book examines concepts which are fundamental to any discussion of Turkey and which will be the backdrop for the examination of that leading role such as civilization, Islam, secularism and democracy and their meaning within the Turkish context. Even though Turkey remains a great geostrategic player, these pressures for change are threatening the tenets of Kemalism and the Turkish military elite's pivotal role in the state. This book is emphatically about the role of the Turkish Armed Forces - particularly its leadership - the Pashas - and its role in steering the nation through dangerous waters. This timely book is aimed at the general reader who is looking for a short, accessible history of Turkey and her armed forces. The author, has lived and worked in Turkey and has had the privileged opportunity to work with the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 130 pages
  • 152.4 x 228.6 x 7.37mm | 249.47g
  • Createspace
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1508792895
  • 9781508792895

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