Being, Essence and Substance in Plato and Aristotle

Being, Essence and Substance in Plato and Aristotle

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Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) was one of the outstanding French philosophers of the 20th century and his work is widely read in the English-speaking world. This unique volume comprises the lectures that Ricoeur gave on Plato and Aristotle at the University of Strasbourg in 1953-54. The aim of these lectures is to analyse the metaphysics of Plato and Aristotle and to discern in their work the ontological foundations of Western philosophy. The relation between Plato and Aristotle is commonly portrayed as a contrast between a philosophy of essence and a philosophy of substance, but Ricoeur shows that this opposition is too simple. Aristotelian ontology is not a simple antithesis to Platonism: the radical ontology of Aristotle stands in a far more subtle relation of continuity and opposition to that of Plato and it is this relation we have to reconstruct and understand. Ricoeur s lectures offer a brilliant analysis of the great works of Plato and Aristotle which has withstood the test of time.
They also provide a unique insight into the development of Ricoeur s thinking in the early 1950s, revealing that, even at this early stage of his work, Ricoeur was focused sharply on issues of language and the text.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 260 pages
  • 150 x 224 x 24mm | 439.99g
  • Polity Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 074566055X
  • 9780745660554
  • 388,099

About Paul Ricoeur

Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) is widely recognized as one of the most distinguished philosophers of the twentieth century. He taught for many years at the University of Chicago. His many works include Freud and Philosophy, Time and Narrative and Oneself as Another. Translated by David Pellauer and John Starkey.
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Table of contents

Editor s Introduction The Goal and Plan of the Course I. Plato Part I: True Being or the Idea Introduction to Plato, Part I Chapter 1 The Meaning of the Platonic Eidos Chapter 2 Essence and Language Chapter 3 Science and Essence I. Opinion as the Negative of Science Chapter 4 Science and Essence II. Right Opinion as Intermediary Chapter 5 Science and Essence III. The Mathematical Intermediary Chapter 6 Science and Essence (Conclusion) IV. The Terminus of Science: Contemplation Part II: The Idea of Being and Non-Being Introduction to Plato, Part II Chapter 1 The Question of Being in the Parmenides Chapter 2 The Success and Failures of Platonism in the Sophist Chapter 3 The Genesis of the Sensible in the Timaeus Part III Being and the Divine Introduction to Plato, Part III Chapter 1 The Problem of the Divine and pre-Socratic Philosophy Chapter 2 The Divine in Plato II. Aristotle Introduction to Aristotle Part I: Being as Being Chapter 1 The Genetic Interpretation of Aristotle s Metaphysics Chapter 2 Philosophy: Its Intention and Its Memory Chapter 3 Philosophy and Its Aporias Chapter 4 The Object of First Philosophy Part II: Being and Substance Introduction to Aristotle, Part II Chapter 1 Sensible Substance: Substance as Substrate Chapter 2 Sensible Substance (continued): Substance as Form Chapter 3 Substance and the Individual Chapter 4 Separated Substance
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