Preface. Introduction; J. Kirkland. A Comparative Analysis of Civilian Technology Strategies in France, Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, and the United States; L.L. Lederman. Technology Transfer in Practice: Promoting Technology Transfer in the U.S. University; When it Works, When it Doesn't; D. Rahm. Patents and Technology Transfer in Public Sector Research: The Tension between Policy and Practice; A. Webster. Dealing with Big Bureaucracies: Problems for the Small Technology Producer; J. Hanlon, P.L. Gardner. Manufacturing Technology Transfer between West and East Europe; R.J. Grieve, et al. Some Issues of Techno-Economic Developments in Turkey; N.K. Pak, E. Turkcan. Diffusion of New Technologies through Appropriate Education and Training; O. Kaynak, A. Sabanovic. Economic Constraints on Technology Transfer to the Transitional Economies: The Example of the Agricultural and Food Sectors; A.S. Davies, et al. Professional and Technical Structures as a Barrier to Technology Transfer; T.G. Tarjan. Technology Transfer in the Transition Economies: Case Studies: Barriers to Technology Transfer in Central and Eastern Europe; K. Balazs. Obstacles Faced by Small Firms in the Technology Transfer Process in Romania; S. Sandu. Technology Transfer in Ukraine: Slow Changes on a Background of Fast Economic Decline; I. Egorov. Changing Factors of Technology Transfer in the Czech Republic; K. Muller. Academic Entrepreneurship in High-Technology Firms in Bulgaria; K. Todorov. Conclusions: Adoption and Adaptation of Technology Transfer Mechanisms between Nations; L.E. Parker.