The Bank of England

The Bank of England : 1950s to 1979

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This history of the Bank of England takes its story from the 1950s to the end of the 1970s. This period probably saw the peak of the Bank's influence and prestige, as it dominated the financial landscape. One of the Bank's central functions was to manage the exchange rate. It was also responsible for administering all the controls that made up monetary policy. In the first part of the period, the Bank did all this with a remarkable degree of freedom. But economic policy was a failure, and sluggish output, banking instability and rampant inflation characterised the 1970s. The pegged exchange rate was discontinued, and the Bank's freedom of movement was severely constrained, as new approaches to policy were devised and implemented. The Bank lost much of its freedom of movement but also took on more formal supervision.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 53 b/w illus. 38 tables
  • 1139073354
  • 9781139073356

Review quote

Reviews of the hardback: 'A treasure trove for economic historians. Capie has done a fine job and is particularly strong on what one might call the science of inter-institutional dynamics.' Howard Davies, The Financial Times 'Forrest Capie ... has not only written a meticulously researched, scholarly account of the history of 'the Old Lady of Threadneedle Street' from Attlee to Thatcher, but he has produced a cogent analysis of how the bank managed the exchange rate and administered monetary policies before the banking instability of the 1970s saw its powers curtailed. A potentially dry subject is enlivened by Mr Capie's insights on the personal conflicts and compromises among the bank's leaders as they grappled with the challenges of the day.' The Economist's Intelligence Unit 'Who would have thought that a ... chronicle of central banking could be so engaging? This elegant and slyly written book contains probably the most revealing record of a central bank's struggles in the modern era.' Benjamin Schwarz, The Atlantic Monthly 'This thorough and interesting account is an indispensable reference for anyone who would understand the Bank of England, or more generally the theories, institutions, and politics of British economic policies before the changes that followed 1979.' John Wood, EH.net 'Forrest Capie has written an invaluable work of impeccable historical scholarship. Not only do we now have a scrupulously researched and beautifully written history of the Bank of England from Attlee to Thatcher, a work of reference that all students of financial history will come to revere, but we also gain some fascinating insights into the way an earlier generation grappled with the problems of financial regulation, inflation, asset bubbles, and banking crises.' Niall Ferguson, Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History and William Ziegler Professor, Harvard University 'Forrest Capie brings the sure hand of an economist to the task of describing the intellectual confusion that besieged the Bank of England as it tried to establish its role as a central bank responsible for easing the British economy through the difficult adjustments required between 1950 and 1979. But he also displays his talent as an historian in depicting the drama of the personal conflicts, compromises, and eventual triumphs that occurred within the leadership of the Bank as they confronted first the constraints of fixed exchange rates with capital controls while dealing with the demands of the Treasury, and then the collapse of both fixed exchange rates and capital controls in the 1970s. A compelling saga of the world's oldest central bank as it tested various paths leading toward an effective role in financial globalization.' Larry Neal, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign 'Outstanding scholarship ... well written ... and showing a fine independence of judgment.' Lord Griffiths of Fforestfach 'Forrest Capie provides what will certainly be the definitive account of the Old Lady of Threadneedle Street's varying fortunes though the second third of the 20th century. The history is brought to life by its numerous portraits of the principal actors and its clear-eyed judgments on their work. A magnificent achievement.' Robert Pringle, Founder and Chairman, Central Banking Publications 'A masterful, well-contextualised account of the Bank at the summit of its traditional responsibilities and the peak of its personnel. Authoritative and meticulous yet accessible and colourful, it is an indispensable addition to postwar financial and economic history. Along with forerunner volumes by Clapham, Sayers and Fforde, Capie's study is destined to become a classic.' Richard Roberts, King's College Londonshow more

Table of contents

1. Introduction and overview; 2. The Bank in the 1950s; 3. The monetary setting and the Bank; 4. The Bank's external responsibilities to 1964; 5. From crisis to 'crucifixion'; 6. Domestic monetary policy after Radcliffe; 7. Other activities and performance; 8. Sterling from devaluation to Smithsonian; 9. The road to competition and credit control; 10. Competition and credit control; 11. The secondary banking crisis; 12. Banking supervision; 13. Monetary targets and monetary control; 14. The Bank and sterling in the 1970s; 15. The Bank's freedom to operate; 16. Epilogue.show more