EUCLIDES DA CUNHA, known for his vivd portrayal of Brazilian civil war, was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1866. A former army lieutenant, civil engineer and journalist, Cunha witnessed and reported firsthand the brutalities committed by the Brazilian army. The experience would eventually inspire his most celebrated novel, Rebellion in the Backlands, in 1902. ELIZABETH LOWE is Director of the Center for Translation Studies at the University for Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She has translated the work of Clarice Lispector, Rubem Fonseca, Nelida Pinon, Darcy Ribeiro and Machado de Assis. ILAN STAVANS is Professor in Latin American and Latin Culture at Amherst College. His books include The Essential Ilan Stavans, The Hispanic Condition, On Borrowed Words: A Memoir of Language and Dictionary Days: A Defining Passion. In addition, he has introduced several Penguin Classics editions.