Babylon and the Banks of the Euphrates

Babylon and the Banks of the Euphrates

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ...A third tributary of the Khabour, the ancient Mygdonius, now the river of Nisibin, flows more to the east, passing that celebrated spot. Nisibis, as the name is written on medals that;ire preserved of it, and by ancient authors, dates from a remote antiquity. It is supposed to have been first taken by the Romans under Lucullus; and about two centuries afterwards it surrendered to the arms of Trajan. It was long deemed the bulwark of the east, and as the residence of emperors, nobles, and generals, was decorated with columned edifices in the architecture of the time. It was defended by a deep ditch, and a triple inclosure of brick walls. The three sieges by Sapor, in the former part of the fourth century, and his unavailing efforts to capture the city, are memorable in history. The story of the last siege, during which the river was turned against it, has been strikingly told by Gibbon. The great king, having vainly assaulted it with the united forces of Persiu and India, adopted the expedient of arresting the stream below the town, at that period in flood, and confining the waters on every side by mounds of earth. A fleet was then launched on the artificial lake, which advanced, crowded with soldiers, and armed with immense military engines, to engage the troops upon the ramparts, nearly upon a level with them. But the stratagem completely failed; the garrison, aided by the citizens, repulsed every attack, and Sapor, after a struggle of a hundred days, retired with his baffled host. Upon the disastrous termination of the Julian campaign, the surrender of the city was an article in the ignoble treaty of peace negotiated by his successor, its inhabitants having the cruel alternative of abandoning their homes or submitting to servitude. In vain the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 44 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 95g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236670922
  • 9781236670922