Austronesian Alignment

Austronesian Alignment

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Description

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Austronesian alignment, commonly known as the Philippine- or Austronesian-type voice system, is a typologically unusual morphosyntactic alignment that combines features of ergative and accusative languages. It is best known from the languages of the Philippines, but is also found in Taiwan, Borneo, Madagascar, and Guam, and has been reconstructed for the ancestral Proto-Austronesian language. Whereas most languages have two voices which are used to track referents in discourse, a transitive 'active' voice and an intransitive 'passive' or 'antipassive' voice, prototypical Philippine languages have two voices which are both transitive. One of the two Philippine voices is similar in form to the active voice of ergative-absolutive languages, while the other is similar to the active voice of nominative-accusative languages. These perform functions similar to the active and passive/antipassive voices, respectively, in those languages.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 88 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 5mm | 141g
  • Aud Publishing
  • United States
  • English
  • 6135975781
  • 9786135975789