Contents: General introduction: identifying and framing the issues, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson. Part I The Choice Whether to Use Military Force: Introduction to Part I, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; The decision to use military force in classical just war thinking, Gregory M. Reichberg; The decision to use military force in recent moral argument, Daniel R. Brunstetter; Contemporary international law on the decision to use armed force, Davis Brown; The role of the military in the decision to use armed force, Martin L. Cook; Special problems I: the question of preemption, Mary Manjikian; Special problems II: the response to asymmetric warfare and terrorism, Keith Pavlischek; Special problems III: the question of using military force in the frame of the responsibility to protect, Luke Glanville; Special problems IV: questions posed by nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, Darell Cole. Part II Right Conduct in the Use of Military Force: Introduction to Part II, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; Framing the issues in moral terms I: applying just war tradition, J. Daryl Charles; Framing the issues in moral terms II: the Kantian perspective on Jus in Bello, Brian Orend; Framing the issues in moral terms III: rights and right conduct, Robert E. Williams, Jr.; International humanitarian law, Howard M. Hensel; Boston to where: the challenges posed by local-global terrorism, Amos N. Guiora; Terrorism and ethics, Pauletta Otis; The bombing of dual-use targets, Paul Robinson; The ethics of autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles, James L. Cook; Targeted killing, Laurie R. Blank; Cyber warfare, George R. Lucas, Jr.; The moral equality of combatants, Henrik Syse; Treatment of prisoners and detainees, John Sawicki, CSSP; My country, right or wrong: if the cause is just, is anything allowed?, David Whetham; No job for a soldier? Military ethics in peacekeeping operations, Bard Maeland; Enforcing and strengthening noncombatant immunity, James Turner Johnson; Understanding proportionality in contemporary armed conflict, Paul Gilbert. Part III Ethics after a Conflict is Over: Introduction to Part III, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; Security and political order: the ethics of who is in charge and enforcing the peace at war's end, Eric D. Patterson; How should this conflict end? Implications of the end of an armed conflict for the decision to use military force and conduct in the use of such force, Timothy J. Demy; War crimes tribunals after armed conflict, Carla L. Reyes; Fostering reconciliation as a goal of military ethics, Nigel Biggar. Part IV Perspectives from Other Cultures: Introduction to Part IV, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; Ethics in the Islamic tradition on war, John Kelsay; Chinese traditions on military ethics, Ping-cheung Lo; The Indian tradition, Torkel Brekke. Index.