Artificial Muscles

Artificial Muscles : Applications of Advanced Polymeric Nanocomposites

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Smart materials are the way of the future in a variety of fields, from biomedical engineering and chemistry to nanoscience, nanotechnology, and robotics. Featuring an interdisciplinary approach to smart materials and structures, Artificial Muscles: Applications of Advanced Polymeric Nanocomposites thoroughly reviews the existing knowledge of ionic polymeric conductor nanocomposites (IPCNCs), including ionic polymeric metal nanocomposites (IPMNCs) as biomimetic distributed nanosensors, nanoactuators, nanotransducers, nanorobots, artificial muscles, and electrically controllable intelligent polymeric network structures. Authored by one of the founding fathers of the field, the book introduces fabrication and manufacturing methods of several electrically and chemically active ionic polymeric sensors, actuators, and artificial muscles, as well as a new class of electrically active polymeric nanocomposites and artificial muscles. It also describes a few apparatuses for modeling and testing various artificial muscles to show the viability of chemoactive and electroactive muscles. The authors present the theories, modeling, and numerical simulations of ionic polymeric artificial muscles' electrodynamics and chemodynamics. In addition, they feature current industrial and medical applications of IPMNCs. By covering the fabrication techniques of and novel developments in advanced polymeric nanocomposites, this book provides a solid foundation in the subject while stimulating further more

Product details

  • Electronic book text | 480 pages
  • Taylor & Francis Inc
  • CRC Press Inc
  • Florida, United States
  • 261 equations; 178 Halftones, black and white; 22 Tables, black and white; 425 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1584887141
  • 9781584887140

Table of contents

Introduction to Ionic Polymers, Ionic Gels, and Artificial Muscles Introduction A Brief History of Electroactive Polymers (EAPs) and Artificial/Synthetic Muscles A Brief History of Electromotive Polymers Role of Microparticles in Contraction of Gels Ionic Polymer-Metal Nanocomposites (IPMNCs): Fundamentals Introduction Performance Characteristics Advances in Force Optimization Electric Deformation Memory Effects, Magnetic IPMNCs, and Self-Oscillatory Phenomena in Ionic Polymers Ionic Polymer-Metal Nanocomposites: Manufacturing Techniques Introduction IPMNC Base Materials Manufacturing Techniques Ionic Polyacrylonitrile Chemoelectromechanical Artificial Muscles/Nanomuscles Introduction PAN Fabrication PAN Characterization PAN pH Meters Electroactive PAN Muscles Electrochemomechanical Actuation in Conductive Polyacrylonitrile (C-PAN) Fibers and Nanofibers Five-Fingered Hand Design and Fabrication Using PAN Fiber Bundle Muscles Micro-PAN Fiber Observation Conclusions PAMPS Gel Artificial Muscles Introduction PAMPS Gels Gel Preparation PAMPS Gel Application Electroactive PAMPS Gel Robotic Structures Engineering Strength Considerations on PAMPS Gels Gel Robotics Modeling and Simulation of IPMNCs as Distributed Biomimetic Nanosensors, Nanoactuators, Nanotransducers, and Artificial Muscles Introduction Continuum Electrodynamics of Ionic Polymeric Gels' Swelling and Deswelling Continuum-Diffusion Electromechanical Model for Asymmetric Bending of Ionic Polymeric Gels Continuum Microelectromechanical Models Microelectromechanical Modeling of Asymmetric Deformation of Ionic Gels Time-Dependent Phenomenological Model Conclusions Sensing, Transduction, Feedback Control, and Robotic Applications of Polymeric Artificial Muscles Introduction Sensing Capabilities of IPMCs Evaluation of IPMCs for Use as Near-DC Mechanical Sensors Simulation and Control of Ionoelastic Beam Dynamic Deflection Model Conductive or Conjugated Polymers as Artificial Muscles Introduction Deformation of Conducting or Conjugated Polymers Engineering, Industrial, and Medical Applications of Ionic Polymer-Metal Nanocomposites Introduction Engineering and Industrial Applications Biomedical Applications Aerospace Applications Epilogue and Conclusions Epilogue Conclusions: PAN Muscles Conclusion: IPMNC Actuators Conclusion: IPMNC Sensors and Transducers Appendix A: Anatomy and Physiology of Human Muscle Muscle Contraction Role of Structural Components of Muscle Fibers Isotonic and Isometric Contraction Skeletal Muscle Fiber Types Electromyography ATP Appendix B: Muscle Mechanics Indexshow more