Contents: Introduction; Select bibliography; The formation of the Islamic state, Fred M. Donner; The development of the debate around the legitimacy of authority in early Islam, Moshe Sharon; The religious foundation of late Umayyad ideology and practice, Wadad Al-Qadi; New considerations on the nomination of 'Umar II by Sulayman b. 'Abd al-Malik, Tobias Mayer; Raja' ibn Haywa al-Kindi and the Umayyad caliphs, C.E. Bosworth; Elite incomes in the early Islamic state, Hugh Kennedy; Arab and muhajirun in the environment of amsar, Khalil Athamina; Documentary evidence for the early history of the barid, Adam Silverstein; The state archives in the early Islamic era, MeA-r M. Bravmann; The content of the papyri on taxation practices, C.H. Becker; The administration of Egypt under the Umayyad khalifs, H.I. Bell; The diwans as registers of the Arab stipendiaries in early Islamic Egypt, Kosei Morimoto; The fiscal rescript of Umar b. Abd al-Aziz: a new evaluation, Azzedine Guessous; The participation of non-Arab elements in the Umayyad army and administration, Falih Husayn; An Arabic inscription from the time of the caliph `Abd al-Malik, Moshe Sharon; The coinage of Syria under the Umayyads, 692-750 AD, Michael L. Bates; The Syrian desert castles: some economic and political perspectives on their genesis, Heinze Gaube; The misr of Ayla: new evidence for the early Islamic city, Donald Whitcomb; Evolution versus revolution: Umayyad elements in the `Abassid regime 133/750-320/932, Irit Bligh-Abramski; Index.