Excerpt from Arkansas State Building: Catalogue of Exhibits at the International Exhibition at Philadelphia, 1876
Arkansas1 lies between the parallels of 33 and 36 30' north latitude, and extends from 89 40' to 94 42' west longitude. It is bounded on the north by the State of Missouri, on the east by the St. Francis and Mississippi Rivers, on the south by the States of Louisiana and Texas, on the west by the State of Texas and the Indian Territory. The area of the State is square miles, or acres, and is one-sixth larger than New York, and about the same size as England. The elevated parts of the State commence in the southwestern part, expanding into broad undulating tracts toward the north and east to the Ozark Mountains, which Obtain an elevation of from 1500 to 2000 feet.
A line from the southwest and coursing diagonally to the north east would separate the mineral wealth of the State from the rich agricultural lands. Vast deposits of valuable minerals are found in the northern division. The rich formations of tertiary and post tertiary deposits in the lower divisions are not excelled in fertility by any known land. Exempt alike from the intense heat of the extreme south and the severe cold of the north, her genial climate and fertile soil yield in abundance the rich productions of both regions. The rich bottom lands will yield, under favorable culture, from fifty to sixty bushels of Indian corn and about four hundred and fifty pounds of cotton per acre, which is considered a fair average crop. The mountains, table lands, and valleys, present, generally, a rich surface, good drainage, romantic and picturesque scenery, and a productiveness remarkable for the formations and latitudes.
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