Aristotle on the Consitution of Athens

Aristotle on the Consitution of Athens

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1892 edition. Excerpt: ...refers to this law, which he calls Z810: pelua-1-a mi 1rape8o oc. Cf Rose, Frag. 353. IX. 2. rpia 1'6. 8r;;4oruta'1'ara I in Pol. II. I2 the summary Of the Solonian constitution is that it gave to the lower classes the necessary minimum of political power, viz. the election of magistrates and the power of calling them to account. In the present passage the first of these points (which was not due primarily to Solon, as appears from ch. 4) is passed over, but much stress is laid upon the other, which was in fact the hinge of the Athenian constitution. The constitutions of different countries have each had their one decisive fact, which may not have been the one possessing most legal prominence, but which nevertheless has guided the course of the political development of the country. In England this decisive fact has been the control of the Commons over financial supplies, which has always been the lever by which the popular House has at first checked and finally brought into subordination the power of the Crown. In Rome it was the initiative of the magistrate, which in earlier days threw all the power into the hands of the body from which the chief magistrates came and to which they retumed, while from the time of the Gracchi onward it was the weapon with which the democratic magistrates attacked and overthrew the government of the aristocracy. In Athens it was the immediate control which the people exercised over the magistrates, summarily directing their proceedings in oflice by means of the ecclesia, and sharply punishing any neglect of its wishes by means of the courts of law. Solon deserved the reputation which he won as the founder of the Athenian constitution by being the first to introduce into it this special...
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  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 118g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236875184
  • 9781236875181