Aristotle and the Earlier Peripatetics Volume 6

Aristotle and the Earlier Peripatetics Volume 6

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897 edition. Excerpt: ...to rich or poor, a "certain property qualification--although a small one--is attached to the public offices. The second form is that in which no condition is attached to eligibility for office be-T yond citizenship and irreproachable character. A third is that in which, while the public ofiices belong by right to every citizen, the government is still conducted on constitutional principles. The fourth or unlimited democracy is, finally, that in which the decrees of the people are placed above the laws; in which the people, led by demagogues, as a tyrant by his courtiers, becomes a despot, and in which all constitutional order disappears in the absolute power of the many-headed sovereign.' Oligarchy consists, as we already know, in the rule of the propertied classes. But here, also, we find a progress from more moderate forms to absolute, unlimited oligarchy. The mildest is that in which, while-a property qualification sufiicient to exclude the mass of poorer citizens from the exercise of political rights is demanded, the franchise is yet freely conceded to all who possess the requisite amount. The second form is that in which the government is originally in the possession only of the richest, who fill up their own ranks by co-optation, either from the Whole body of the citizens or from a certain class. The third is that in which political power descends from father to son. The fourth, finally, as a parallel to tyranny and unlimited demo 4 sqq. v. 11, 1313, b, 32 sqq. vi. it has obviouslymuchincommon. 2, 1317, b, . 13 sqq., cf. PLATO'8 cracy, is that in which hereditary power is limited by no laws.' Aristotle, however, here remarks, in terms that would apply equally to all forms of government, that the spirit of the...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 112 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 213g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236843665
  • 9781236843661