Aristotle and the Earlier Peripatetics Volume 5

Aristotle and the Earlier Peripatetics Volume 5

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897 edition. Excerpt: ...and any properties which belong to another genus can only accidentally attach to it, seeing that they form no part of its concept." All demonstration, consequently, hinges on the concept of the thing. Its problem consists in determining, not only the properties which attach to any object by virtue of the conception of it, but also the media by which they are attached to it. Its function is to deduce the particular from the universal, phenomena from their causes. Is this process of 'mediation' unending, or has it a necessary limit? Aristotle takes the latter alternative, from three points of view. VVe may rise from the particular to the general---from the subject, beyond which there is nothing of which it can be predicated--to continually higher predicates: and we may, on the other hand, descend from the most universal point--from that predicate which is the subject of no other predicate--down to the par ticular. But in any case we must arrive eventually at a point where this progression ceases, otherwise we could never reach an effectual demonstration or definition.' The argument excludes also the third hypothesis, lthat there may exist an infinite number of intermediate terms between a definite subject and a definite pre licate? If the list of middle terms is not infinite, it follows that there are things of which there cannot be a demonstration or derived knowledge." For wherever the middle terms cease, immediate knowledge must neces sarily take the place of demonstration. e'vev'g/thing is not possible. To demonstrate If we attempt it we are either brought round again to that progression ad infim'tum already mentioned, which annuls all possi a circle, ' which is equally incapable of producing a ability...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 122 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 7mm | 231g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236849566
  • 9781236849564