Arguing in the Real World

Arguing in the Real World

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This title includes chapters on understanding argument, crafting your own argument, arguing to interpret a text, researching an argument and documenting an argument's sources, amongst others.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 800 pages
  • 178 x 235mm
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • ALLYN & BACON
  • Old Tappan, United States
  • English
  • 0130995231
  • 9780130995230

Table of contents

ARGUING IN THE REAL WORLD: A MULTIMEDIA RHETORIC AND READER Table of Contents PART 1: RHETORIC PART I: UNDERSTANDING ARGUMENT CHAPTER 1: HOW ARGUMENT WORKS The Bare Bones: Claim and Support Claim --Fact Claims --Definition Claims --Cause Claims --Value Claims --Policy Claims Support --The role of research in supporting an argument How Argument ReallyWorks-The Rhetorical Situation Text, Including Purpose, Style and Tone Author's Credibility Audience Needs, Interests, and Inclinations Visual Images The Rhetorical Situation in Action Analyzing the Text, Including Style and Tone Analyzing the Author's Credibility Analyzing Audience Needs, Interests, and Inclinations Analyzing Visual Images Analyzing a Rhetorical Situation in the Public Arena Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Argument: Exercises to Explore Potential Purposes for Argument CHAPTER 2: WHY ARGUE?: THE PRIMARY PURPOSES OF ARGUMENT Questions to Determine Your Motivation for Argument Developing Purpose Statements for Arguments Two Primary Purposes for Writing: To Convince and To Bring About Change Arguing to Convince Arguing to Bring About Change Arguments that Try to Convince and Elicit Change Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Argument: Exercises to Discover and Refine Your Purpose CHAPTER 3: UNDERSTANDING THE ARGUMENTS OF OTHERS Reading Critically in Three Phases Phase 1: Question the Text Before You Read Phase 2: Question the Text As You Read Phase 3: Question the Text After You Read The Toulmin Model for Understanding Arguments of Others Understanding Fallacies and Recognizing Diversion Tactics A Chart of Common Fallacies Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments: Exercises to Critically Read Your Own Writing PART 2: CRAFTING YOUR OWN ARGUMENT CHAPTER 4: READING AND REACHING AN AUDIENCE Determine the Audience Determining the Audience's Needs and Interests Who Exactly is My Audience? What Do They Know About My Topic? Why Do They Care About My Topic? What Stake Do They Have in it? What Common Values or Beliefs Do We Share? What Differences Exist Between Us? Establish Your Credibility Be Well-informed About the Subject at Hand Admit the Limits of Your Experience or Knowledge of a Subject Know the Appropriate Language to Use for Your Audience Use Visuals to Enhance your Credibility Treat Different Perspectives Fairly, Accurately, and Respectfully Readingfor Analysis Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments: Exercises to Discover and Reach Your Audience CHAPTER 5: BUILDING AN EFFECTIVE ARGUMENT: ORGANIZATIONAL POSSIBILITIES AND TYPES OF SUPPORT How Do I Know How to Organize My Argument? Option 1: Put the Claim at the Beginning Use a Title to Indicate Your Claim Option 2: Delay the Claim until the Middle or End of the Argument Option 3: Imply the Claim, But Don't State it Out Right How Should I Support My Argument? Logical Appeals-Logos Emotional Appeals-Pathos Ethical Appeals-Ethos Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Argument: Exercises to Explore Ways to Organize and Support Your Argument PART 3: UNDERSTANDING FOUR PURPOSES FOR ARGUING CHAPTER 6: ARGUING TO INTERPRET A TEXT What is a real world text? Why make an argument about a text? Writing Guide: How to Argue To Interpret a Text Brainstorm to determine the text you want to interpret. Brainstorm to determine your specific purpose and audience. Consider ideas and gather data to support your claim. Consider the best organization for your purpose and audience. Work with peers and other readers throughout your writing process. Focus on Real World Arguments: How to Write a Movie Review How to Write an Essay Exam to Interpret a Text How to Write an Academic Argument to Interpret a Text How to Write a Short Industry Report Interpreting Data Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments: Exercises to Develop an Argument to Interpret a Text CHAPTER 7: ARGUING TO CHALLENGE AN ACCEPTED POSITION What counts as an "accepted position"? Legislation Publication Behavior When and why should you challenge an accepted position? Writing Guide: How to Argue To Challenge an Accepted Position Brainstorm to focus on a position you want to challenge. Brainstorm to determine your specific purpose and audience. Consider ideas and gather data to support your claim. Consider the best organization for your purpose and audience. Use rhetorical strategies that particularly strengthen this kind of argument. Work with peers and other readers throughout your writing process. Focus on Real World Arguments: How to Write an Op-Ed Column How to Write an Open Letter How to Write an Argumentative Personal Essay Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments: Exercises to Plan and Develop an Argument to Challenge an Accepted Position CHAPTER 8: ARGUING TO MEDIATE A CONFLICT OR UNITE A DIVIDED AUDIENCE Can Argument Really Unite? Yes! Rogerian Rhetorical Strategies Writing Guide: How to Write an Argument that Mediates or Unites Brainstorm to explore issues your argument can address. Determine your specific purpose and audience. Consider ideas and gather data to support your claim. Organize with your purpose and audience in mind. Use rhetorical strategies that particularly strengthen this kind of argument. Focus on Real World Arguments: How to Write an Argument to Mediate Conflict Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments-Exercises To Develop An Argument To Mediate A Conflict Or Unite A Divided Audience CHAPTER 9: ARGUING TO PROPOSE A SOLUTION OR ADVOCATE A CHANGE You Can't Get if You Don't Ask: Using Argument to Get What You Want Writing Guide: How to Propose a Solution or Advocate a Change Brainstorm to determine your purpose. Target the appropriate audience. Gather information to support your claim. Organize with your purpose in mind: Describe the problem. Identify shared goals and values between you and readers. Explain specifically how your argument addresses the problem. Select support that your audience will find persuasive. Explain why your solution is superior to alternatives. Conclude with a specific call to action. Work with peers and others throughout your writing process. Focus on Real World Arguments How to Write a Funding Proposal How to Write a Memo Proposing a Change How to Compose a Flyer That Argues for Change Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments: Exercises to Develop an Argument to Propose a Solution or Change PART 4: ENHANCING YOUR ARGUMENT WITH LANGUAGE AND VISUALS CHAPTER 10: USING LANGUAGE TO IMPROVE YOUR ARGUMENT What is Style? Figurative Language Using Figurative Style to Make Statistics More Reader-Friendly Specific Stylistic Maneuvers Effective Repetition Parallelism Denotation vs. Connotation Rhetorical Question Avoiding Discriminatory Language Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Arguments: Exercises for Using Language to Improve Your Own Arguments CHAPTER 11: USING VISUAL IMAGES TO IMPROVE YOUR ARGUMENT How Visual Arguments Work Logical Arguments in Visual Form Emotional Arguments in Visual Form Ethical Arguments in Visual Form Visual Arguments that Combine Logical, Emotional, and Ethical Claims Reading Visual Arguments Critically Purpose Audience Context Logical Appeals Ethical Appeals Emotional Appeals Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Argument: Exercises to Incorporate Visual Arguments Into Your Texts PART 5: USING RESEARCH TO STRENGTHEN YOUR ARGUMENT CHAPTER 12: RESEARCHING AN ARGUMENT Researching as Inquiring Formulate a Research Question Find Out What You Already Know Locate Appropriate Sources What makes a source acceptable? Consider Primary and Secondary Sources Kinds of Primary Research Personal Experience Observations Interviews Surveys Institutional Review Boards Evaluate Sources to Determine Their Credibility Examining an Author's Credibility Examining a Publication or Publisher's Credibility Examining the Content's Credibility Examining a Website's Credibility Take Notes About Your Sources Formulate Tentative Answers to Your Research Question Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Argument: Exercises to Complete Research for Your Own Writing CHAPTER 13: WRITING A RESEARCHED ARGUMENT Organize with Purpose and Audience in Mind Respecting Intellectual Property and Avoiding Plagiarism Using Quotations: Why and How Using Paraphrase: Why and How Using Summary: Why and How Integrating Quotes, Paraphrases, and Summaries With Signal Phrases Exercises Understanding How Arguments Work Creating Your Own Argument: Exercises to Research and Document Your Own Writing CHAPTER 14: DOCUMENTING AN ARGUMENT'S SOURCES Documentation as a Rhetorical Convention Documentation Differs by Genre Explanation, illustration, samples from magazine articles, business documents, websites, and academic writing Documenting Academic Writing Using MLA or APA Style MLA Documentation --In-text Citations --Works Cited page --Sample student paper using MLA Documentation APA Documentation --In-text Citations --References --Sample student paper using APA documentation PART 2: FIVE MULTIMEDIA CASEBOOKS CASEBOOK 1: TALK RADIO PRINT TEXTS Laufer, Peter. "The Mechanics of a Talk Show." Inside Talk Radio: America's Voice or Just Hot Air?. New York: Birch Lane Press, 1995: 45-55. Meacham, Jon. "What Will Rogers Could Teach the Age of Limbaugh." WashingtonMonthly Jan/Feb 1994: 16-22. Goode, Stephen. "They Always Have Talked on Radio." Insight on the News 14 (Feb. 1998): 18-19. Piirto, Rebecca. "Why Radio Thrives." American Demographics 16 (May 1994): 40-46. "Opening Up the Conversation." American Demographics (1 Oct 01): Heath, Rebecca Piirto. "Tuning in to Talk." American Demographics 20 (Feb 98): 48-53. Chen, David. "All Languages, All the Time, and All Over the Suburban Dial." New York Times (17 July 01): Hofstetter, C. Richard, et al. "Information, Misinformation, and Political Talk Radio." Political Research Quarterly 52 (June 1999): 353-369. MULTIMEDIA TEXTS Audio Clips "The Art of the Talk Show" (roundtable discussion). Talk of the Nation. National Public Radio. 29 August 2001. Available at http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=1128092 "Report on Washington Convention of Talk Radio Hosts." Reporter: Guy Raz. Weekend Edition. National Public Radio. 26 Feb. 2000. Available at http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=1070876 Talk Show Web Pages Political/Opinion The Diane Rehm Show http://www.wamu.org/programs/dr/ The Mike Gallagher Show http://www.mikeonline.com/ The Dennis Prager Show http://www.dennisprager.com Air America Radio http://airamericaradio.com Les Kinsolving http://www.leskinsolving.com The Rush Limbaugh Show http://www.rushlimbaugh.com The Phil Hendrie Show http://www.philhendrieshow.com Financial Money Help with Steve and Mike http://www.debtradio.com Suze Orman http://www.suzeorman.com Money Hotline http://www.moneydots.com It's Your Money http://www.itsyourmoney.com Money Matters http://www.moneymattersradio.net The Dave Ramsey Show http://www.daveramsey.com Sports Sportsman's Connection http://www.outdoortalknetwork.com The Jim Rome Show http://www.jimrome.com The Tony Bruno Show http://www.tonybrunoshow.net Golf Talk http://www.golftalk.com Health and Self-Help Health Talk with Dr. Bob Martin http://www.drbobmartin.com The Dr. Laura Show http://www.drlaura.com The Deborah Ray Show http://www.healthytalkradio.com Natural Living http://www.garynull.com Auto Repair Auto Answers http://www.autoanswers.com Car Talk http://www.cartalk.cars.com Paranormal Coast to Coast with George Noony http://www.coasttocoastam.com The Lou Gentile Show http://www.lougentile.com/index.php Dreamland http://unknowncountry.com/dreamland/ Home Improvement Down Home Talk Radio http://www.downhomeradio.com/ On the House http://www.onthehouse.com Mr. Fix It http://www.mrfixit.net Pets Pet Talk, America http://www.pettalk.com Calling All Pets http://www.wpr.org/pets Computers/Technology Let's Talk Computers http://lets-talk-computers.com Net Talk Live! http://www.nettalklive.com CASEBOOK 2: THE TOBACCO WARS PRINT TEXTS Moseley, Bob. "Smoke Signals: Can Magazines Handle the Truth.com?" Folio. Aug 2000. Melillo, Wendy. "Legacy Ambush Ads Nixed by CBS, Fox as 'Morbid.'" Adweek 14 Feb. 2000. Winter, Greg. "Antismoking Group Sues to Preserve an Ad Campaign's Tone." New York Times 14 Feb. 2002: A23. Benoit, William. "Attacking the Tobacco Industry: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Advertisements by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids." The Southern Communication Journal 65 (Fall 1999): 66-81. (possibly will use an excerpt only) Bryant, Adam. "In Tobacco's Face." Newsweek. March 20, 2000. Novek, Linda Gilmen. "Forbidden Fruit: Tobacco Firms Seem to Know that Anti-Smoking Ads Can Boomerang." MontrealGazette. January 15, 2001. Pitts, Leonard, Jr. "Beware Smoking Police." MiamiHerald. January 4, 2001: 13A. Johnson, Craig L. "The State of the Tobacco Settlement: Are Settlement Funds Being Used to Finance State Government Budget Deficits? A Research Note." Public Budgeting and Finance 24 (Spring 2004): 113-125. MULTIMEDIA TEXTS Collection of Marlboro Man and Joe Camel images and spoofs Marlboro Man image (magazine advertisement) "Come to Marlboro Country" 1976 magazine advertisement "Wayne McLaren: Cigarette model. Killed by lung cancer." Billboard sponsored by the Massachusetts Department of Public Heath "Welcome to Malboro Country." Spoof magazine ad from www. Adbusters.com "What if cigarette ads told the Truth?" Spoof magazine ad from www.thetruth.com Joe Camel image "Joe Chemo" spoof ad from www.joechemo.org Television and Film Clips "Elba, Alabama" TV commercial for the Phillip Morris Family of Companies. In this spot, actors playing residents of Elba discuss how a Miller brewery (owned by Phillip Morris) stopped bottling beer and instead bottled drinking water for them during a flood. Variety of vintage multimedia clips including TV ads for and against tobacco companies and their products, available at http://www.tobacco.neu.edu/tobacco_control/resources/index.htm "Ammoniade." Television commercial for thetruth.com "Lie Detector." Television commercial for thetruth.com. Web Pages "Summary of the Attorneys General Master Tobacco Settlement Agreement" http://www.udayton.edu/~health/syllabi/tobacco/summary.htm Fight Ordinances and Restrictions to Control and Eliminate Smoking http://www.forces.org Brown and Williamson www.bw.com Former Phillip Morris website www.phillipmorris.com Altria (new umbrella company including Phillip Morris) www.altria.com American Legacy Foundation www.thetruth.com Joe Chemo: A Camel Who Wishes He'd Never Smoked www.joechemo.org Fliers "It's a Scientific Fact-he's fuming inside." Produced by Citizens for a Healthy Workplace. "He Should be Screaming at the Top of His Lungs." Produced by Citizens for a Healthy Workplace. "Will Governor Jeb Bush Protect Our Children from Big Tobacco?" Produced by the American Nonsmokers' Rights Association. "The Smoke Will Wash Out of Her Clothes... But What About Her Lungs?" Produced by SmokefreeAustin.com. Available at: http://www.no-smoke.org/pdf/smokefreeaustin_AChron_321.pdf Collection of anti-smoking ads available at http://www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?dp=d13|p93 CASEBOOK 3: THE POLITICAL PROCESS AND THE INTERNET PRINT TEXTS Franke-Ruta, Garance. "Virtual Politics: How the Internet is Transforming Democracy." The American Prospect Online. Sept. 30, 2003. Reich, Eugenie Samuel, and Celeste Beiver. "The Great American Voting Experient." New Scientist October 16, 2004: 6+. Thompson, Nicholas. "Machined Politics: How the Internet is Really, Truly-Seriously!-Going to Change Elections." WashingtonMonthly May 2002: 27-32. Carter, Ray. "Internet Playing Larger Role in Election Campaigns." Journal Record (Oklahoma City). 12 Aug 2002. Associated Press. "Report Says Internet Elections Could Tap Unregistered Voters." Long IslandBusiness News 19 Apr 2002: B6. Napoli, Lisa. "Like Online Dating, With a Political Spin." New York Times 13 March 2003. Huffman, Mark. "'Blog' Trend Provides Virtual Soapbox." United Press International 18 Jan 2003. Wulfhort, Ellen. "Study: Blogs Haven't Displaced Media." eWeek.com. May 16, 2005. Rainie, Lee, et al. "The Internet and Campaign 2004." Report by the Pew Internet and American Life Project. Available at http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_2004_Campaign.pdf Cornfield, Michael. "The Internet and Campaign 2004." Commentary on the Pew Internet and American Life Project's Report of the same name. Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/151/report_display.asp WEBSITES Miscellaneous Pew Internet and American Life Project www.pewinternet.org CampaignsOnline.Org (Sponsored by the Center for the Study of American Government at Johns Hopkins University) www.campaignsonline.org Institute for Politics, Democracy, and the Internet at George Washington University http://www.ipdi.org/ Electronic Voting, a website devoted to the issue maintained by Dr. Rebecca Mercuri http://www.notablesoftware.com/evote.html MeetUp.com www.meetup.com RealClearPolitics www.RealClearPolitics.com JibJab.com www.jibjab.com Political Advocacy Groups: Directory of Political Advocacy Groups' Websites compiled by Meriam Library, California State University, Chico http://www.csuchico.edu/~kcfount/ League of Women Voters www.lwv.org Rock the Vote http://rockthevote.org/index2.html College Republicans http://www.crnc.org/ Young Republicans http://www.youngrepublicans.com/ College Democrats of America http://www.collegedems.com/ True Majority www.truemajority.org E-democracy http://www.e-democracy.org/us/ MoveOn.org www.moveon.org Political Parties: Democratic National Committee www.democrats.org Green Party of the United States www.gp.org Libertarian Party www.lp.org Reform Party www.reformparty.org Republication National Committee www.rnc.org Popular PoliticalWeblogs Eschaton (Atrios) http://atrios.blogspot.com/ Daily Kos http://www.dailykos.com/ Little Green Footballs http://www.littlegreenfootballs.com/weblog/ InstaPundit www.instapundit.com Blogger (create your own blog) www.blogger.com Campaign Finance Sites Political Moneyline (searchable databases of political campaign contributors) http://www.tray.com/ Hockaday Donatelli Campaign Solutions www.edonation.com VIDEO and AUDIO IDPI's Video Library features videos produced by candidates, interest groups, and individuals related to the 2004 U.S. presidential campaign. http://www.ipdi.org/videolibrary/ Shapiro, Ari. "Blogs Open New Political Front." NPR's All Things Considered. Nov. 24, 2003. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1520176 Powers, John. "The Power of Political Blogs." NPR's Fresh Air. Sept. 23, 2004. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=3933257 CASEBOOK 4: FAST FOOD CULTURE PRINT TEXTS Smith, Timothy K. "We've Got to Stop Eating Like This." Fortune. Feb. 3, 2003: 58-70. Schlosser, Julie. "Uphill Battle." Fortune Feb. 3, 2003: 64. Stipp, David. "The Quest for the AntiFat Pill." Fortune. Feb. 3, 2003: 66-67. Levine, Jane. "Food Industry Marketing in Elementary Schools: Implications for School Health Professionals." Journal of School Health 69 (Sept. 99): 290+. Whitaker, Leslie. "A Tasty Business." Psychology Today 32 (Jan 99): 52+. Clapp, Steve. "CSPI Report Attacks 'Super-Sizing.'" Food Chemical News 44 (June 24, 1999): 26. Chadwick, Benjamin. "The Slow Food Movement Takes on Fast Food Culture." E/The Environmental Magazine. (Nov. 15, 2002). Schlosser, Eric. "Chapter 9: What's in the Meat?." Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. New York: HarperCollins, 2002. 193-222. Gadd, Michael. "Junk Food Culture." Youth Radio March 11, 2003 http://www.youthradio.org/lifestyle/010822_fastfood.shtml National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity (NANA). "From Wallet to Waistline: The Hidden Costs of Super Sizing." http://www.cspinet.org/w2w.pdf Parloff, Roger. "Is Fat the Next Tobacco?" Fortune Feb. 3, 2003. Smith, Rod. "Producers Have Stake in Fast Food Defense." Feedstuffs 74 (Dec. 9, 2000): 5-6. "Fat Nation Fights Back-Sort Of." U.S.News and World Report (July 1, 2002): 4. Long, Karen R. "Fast Food Under Fire." The Plain Dealer Nov. 24, 2002: A1. MULTIMEDIA TEXTS Op-Ed Cartoons and Advertisements Patterson, Chris. "A Triple By-Pass and a Large Order of Carbohydrates...Oh, and a Diet Soda." Cagle.slate.msn.com. Jan 23 2003. http://cagle.slate.msn.com/search/showimage.asp?recordid=cpa0037 Grizelda. "Heart Disease Menu." Cagle.slate.msn.com. Jan 23, 2003. http://cagle.slate.msn.com/search/showimage.asp?recordid=gri0052 Collection of Print Ads. ConsumerFreedom.com. http://consumerfreedom.com/ (especially "You Are Too Stupid" http://consumerfreedom.com/advertisements_detail.cfm/ad/7 and "Did You Hear the One About the Fat Guy Suing the Restaurants?" http://consumerfreedom.com/advertisements_detail.cfm/ad/20 ) Audio "McDonald's New Farm." Reporter. Daniel Zwerdling. American RadioWorks. National Public Radio. 29 Apr. 2002. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1142532 "Economics of Fat." Reporter. Scott Simon. Weekend Edition. National Public Radio. 1 Feb. 2003. http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=959048 Web Sites Center for Science in the Public Interest http://www.cspinet.org National Restaurant Association http://www.restaurant.org/ National Council of Chain Restaurants http://www.nccr.net/newsite/index.html Center for Consumer Freedom http://www.consumerfreedom.com/ Slow Food USA http://www.slowfood.com Burger King www.burgerking.com McDonalds www.mcdonalds.com KFC (formerly Kentucky Fried Chicken) www.kfc.com Subway www.subway.com Taco Bell www.tacobell.com Coca Cola www.cocacola.com Pepsi www.pepsi.com CASEBOOK 5: Reality TV PRINT TEXTS Miller, Edward D. "Fantasies of Reality: Surviving Reality-Based Programming." Social Policy 31 (Fall 2000): 6+ Rankin, Aubree. "Executive Summary." Reality TV: Race to the Bottom. Parents Television Council. June 25, 2004. Full report available at http://www.parentstv.org/PTC/publications/reports/realitytv2/main.asp Reiss, Steven, and James Wiltz. "Why America Loves Reality TV." Psychology Today 34 (Sep-Oct 2001): 52-54. Shapiro, Barbara. "Who's Afraid of Being Kicked Off the Island? The Psychological Appeal of Survivor." Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 7 (Fall 2002): 274-280. Teitell, Beth. "Reality TV Fulfills Society's Need to Gossip Without Competition." BostonHerald 14 Jan 2003: O43. Poniewozik, James. "Virtuous Reality: Are Survivor-Style Shows Corrupting Society? Relax. We Reveal Their Dirty Little Secret: They're Moral." Time (23 Apr 2001): 72+. Kavka, Misha. "Love 'n the Real; or, How I Learned to Love Reality TV." The Spectacle of the Real: From Hollywood to Reality TV and Beyond. Bristol, UK: Routledge, 2005: MULTIMEDIA TEXTS Cartoons Lynch, Mark. "I Bought This for Escapism!" Cagle.slate.msn.com. 23 Jan 2003. http://cagle.slate.msn.com/search/showimage.asp?recordid=mly0268. Griffiths, Scott. "Sensitive Managers Vote Off Employees." Cagle.slate.msn.com. 23 Jan 2003. http://cagle.slate.msn.com/search/showimage.asp?recordid=sgr0025. Purvis, Geoff. "Don't You Think You're Taking These Programmes a Bit Too Seriously?" Cagle.state.msn.com 23 Jan 2003. http://cagle.slate.msn.com/search/showimage.asp?recordid=gpu0090. Audio Clips Poniewozik, James. "The Reality of 'American Idol.'" All Things Considered. National Public Radio. May 24, 2005. "Reality TV." Talk of the Nation. National Public Radio. 29 Jan 2003. Available at http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=946719 "Reality, PBS Style." Morning Edition. National Public Radio. 30 Nov 2002. Available at http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=862260 Shearer, Harry. "New Reality TV: American Oncologist." All Things Considered. National Public Radio. 23 Sept 2002. http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=1150476 "Advantages of Reality TV." Morning Edition. National Public Radio. 9 Feb 2001. http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=1118308 "Virtual Cold Turkey." All Things Considered. National Public Radio. 3 Aug 2000. http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=1080305 Websites Reality TV Links http://www.realitytvlinks.com/index2.html Survivor http://www.cbs.com/primetime/survivor6/ American Idol http://www.idolonfox.com Fear Factor http://www.nbc.com/Fear_Factor/index.shtml The Bachelorette http://abc.abcnews.go.com/primetime/bachelorette/index.html The Bachelor http://abc.abcnews.go.com/primetime/specials/bachelor/index.html Real World http://www.mtv.com/onair/realworld/ Road Rules http://www.mtv.com/onair/roadrules/ Star Search http://www.cbs.com/primetime/star_search/ The Amazing Race http://www.cbs.com/primetime/amazing_race3/ Road Rules/Real World Battle of the Sexes http://www.mtv.com/onair/rwrr_challenge/battle_sexes/ Extreme Makeover http://abc.go.com/primetime/extrememakeover/index.html Extreme Makeover: Home Edition http://abc.go.com/primetime/xtremehome/index.html The Simple Life http://www.fox.com/simplelife/show more