The Arctic; A History of Its Discovery, Its Plants, Animals and Natural Phenomena

The Arctic; A History of Its Discovery, Its Plants, Animals and Natural Phenomena

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1876 edition. Excerpt: ...slumbering, inert vegetation. Then the reddish shoots of the willows, the poplars, and the birches hang out their long cottony catkins; a pleasant greenness spreads over copse and thicket; the dandelion, the burdock, and the saxifrages lift their heads in the shelter of the rocks; the sweetbrier fills the air with fragrance, and the gooseberry and the strawberry are put forth by a kindly nature; while the valleys bloom and the hill-sides are glad with the beauty of the thuja, the larch, and the pine. The boundary between the wooded zone and the barren would be shown by a line drawn from the mouth of the Churchill in Hudson Bay to Mount St. Elias on the Pacific coast, traversing the southern shores of the Bear and the Slave Lakes. To the north, this barren zone touches on eternal snow, and includes the ice-bound coasts of the Parry Archipelago; to the east and the north-east, identity of climate and uniform character of soil bring within it the greatest part of Labrador and all Greenland. In Asia the isothermal line of 0 descends towards the 55th parallel of latitude, one lower than in America, --though to the north of it some important towns are situated, as Tobolsk, lat. 58 11'; Irkutsk, lat. 58 16'; and Yakutsk, lat. 62. In Continental Europe, the only Arctic lands properly so called, and distinguished by an Arctic flora, are Russian Lapland and the deeply-indented coast of Northern Russia. Far away to the north, and separated from the continent by a narrow arm of the sea, lie the three almost contiguous islands known as Novaia Zemlaia (lat. 68 50' to 76 N.). And still further north, almost equidistant from the Old World and the New, lies the gloomy mountainous archipelago of Spitzbergen (lat. 77 to 81, and long. 10 to 24). We have more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 227g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236907191
  • 9781236907196