Archaeological and Historical Collections Relating to Ayrshire & Galloway Volume 5

Archaeological and Historical Collections Relating to Ayrshire & Galloway Volume 5

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1885 edition. Excerpt: ...most summers and all winters a quaking morass. Towards the centre of this moss, which is about 60 acres in area, there is a circular enclosure 54 feet in diameter, surrounded by a low wall. This is marked in the Ordnance Survey maps as a fort; but no fort, in the ordinary acceptation, could exist in the centre of what had been at no very great distance of time a lake. Although no timbers were visible at the time of our visit, the whole surface of the enclosure being green with grass, and the surrounding moss covered with heather and bog plants, its situation and character indicated its true character to those experienced in lake-dwellings, and a very slight excavation at once confirmed this view. Beginning in the centre the diggers exposed beneath the shallow layer of vegetable soil the familiar features of a fascine dwelling. The only novel and most interesting feature in this crannog is the surrounding fence, which, doubtless, was the usual mode of protecting the huts or wigwams of the interior, but which, in most crannogs hitherto examined, has been reduced by the action of the waves to a shapeless mound or beach of small boulders. Here, however, owing to flat flags having been used, the structure is perfect, surrounding the entire islet to a height of about 3 feet. The depth of the structure from the surface to Fig. 31.--Beads of a scarlet-coloured glass. Natural size. Fig. 32.--Shale Ring. Natural size. the alluvial bed of the old lake was 4 feet. The lake bottom into which the piles were driven was soft peat 7 feet deep. The moss around the island Q had grown since the structure was made to the level of the island, but no deductions could be made from that fact as to the age of the crannog, owing Fig. 38. Fig. 34. Portion of a more

Product details

  • Paperback | 78 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 154g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236613848
  • 9781236613844