Contents: Introduction. War and Diplomacy: The Persians in Asia Minor and the end of antiquity, Clive Foss; Arab wars with the Byzantines in the Umayyad period, Julius Wellhausen; Arab-Byzantine relations under the Umayyad Caliphate, H.A.R.Gibb; Byzantine-Arab diplomacy in the Near East from the Islamic conquests to the mid-11th century, Hugh Kennedy. Frontiers and Military Organization: 7th-century continuities: the AjnAcd and the 'Thematic Myth', John Haldon; The Arab-Byzantine frontier in the 8th and 9th centuries: military organisation and society in the borderlands, J.F. Haldon and H. Kennedy. Polemics and Images of the 'Other': Apocalyptic and other materials on Early Muslim-Byzantine wars: a review of Arabic sources, Suliman Bashear; Byzantine views of Islam, John Meyendorff; Byzantium and the Arabs: the image of the Byzantines as mirrored in Arabic literature, Ahmad M.H. Shboul. Exchange, Influence and Confluence: Islamic art and Byzantium, Oleg Grabar; Parallelism, convergence and influence in the relations of Arab and Byzantine philosophy, literature and piety, Gustav E. von Grunebaum; Theophanes and the Arabic historical tradition: some indications of intercultural transmission, Lawrence I. Conrad; Islam, Judaeo-Christianity and Byzantine iconoclasm, Patricia Crone. Martyrdom, Jihad, Holy War: Some observations concerning the early development of Jihad on the Arab-Byzantine frontier, Michael Bonner; The 60 Martyrs of Gaza and the martyrdom of Bishop Sophronius of Jerusalem, David Woods. General index.