Approaches to Peace

Approaches to Peace : A Reader in Peace Studies

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"For those endeavoring to approach peace, there is no shortage of challenges, practical as well as intellectual. Fortunately, there is also no shortage of inspiration and insight."--From the preface Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Second Edition, provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of key articles and short literary selections focusing on the diverse facets of peace and conflict studies. Featuring both classic and contemporary work, it enables students to read highly influential articles while also introducing them to the most current perspectives in the field. Timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, the Bhagavad Gita, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau are included alongside contemporary pieces by Johan Galtung, Betty Reardon, and many others. Updated to address current concerns, the second edition incorporates seventeen new articles, including selections from Al Gore on climate change, Jeffrey Sachs on Third World economies, and Desmond Tutu on reconciliation. A new chapter on terrorism offers work from Eqbal Ahmad, Richard Falk, Samuel Huntington, and others. Ideal on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course, Approaches to Peace, Second Edition, is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each selection also provide useful resources for students.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 304 pages
  • 187.96 x 231.14 x 17.78mm | 521.63g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0195382862
  • 9780195382860
  • 275,485

Table of contents

*=NEW TO THIS EDITION; CHAPTER 1. APPROACHES TO WAR; 1. Why War?, Sigmund Freud; 2. On Aggression, Konrad Z. Lorenz; 3. Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead; * 4. War Is a Force that Gives Us Meaning, Chris Hedges; 5. War and Other Essays, William Graham Sumner; 6. Victims of Groupthink, Irving Janis; 7. The Causes of War, Michael Howard; 8. A Structural Theory of Imperialism, Johan Galtung; 9. National Images and International Systems, Kenneth Boulding; 10. Glamorized Nationalism: Some Examples in Poetry; 11. Redefining Security: The New Global Schisms, Michael T. Klare; CHAPTER 2. PREVENTING WAR: BUILDING "NEGATIVE PEACE"; 1. The Moral Equivalent of War, William James; 2. Getting to YES, Roger Fisher and William Ury; 3. Disarmament Demands GRIT, Charles Osgood; * 4. Ten Nuclear Myths, David Krieger and Angela McCrackien; * 5. A World Free of Nuclear Weapons, George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, Sam Nunn; * 6. A Powerful Peace, J. Schell; 7. Finding the Future: The Role of Economic Conversion in Shaping the Twenty-First Century, Lloyd J. Dumas; 8. International Law, David P. Barash; * 9. An Insider's Guide to the UN, Linda Fasulo; * CHAPTER 3. RESPONDING TO TERRORISM; * 1. Terrorism Past and Present, Rand Corporation; * 2. The Clash of Civilizations, Samuel P. Huntington; * 3. Terrorism: Theirs and Ours, Eqbal Ahmad; * 4. Defining a Just War, Richard Falk; * 5. Dying to Win, The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, Robert Pape; * 6. Terror, The Neglected but Inescapable Core of Terrorism, Charles P. Webel; CHAPTER 4. BUILDING "POSITIVE PEACE"; 1. The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold; * 2. Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, Al Gore; 3. The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, P. Freire; * 4. Global Economic Solidarity, Jeffrey Sachs; 5. Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr; 6. Human Rights, David P. Barash; CHAPTER 5. NONVIOLENCE; 1. Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau; 2. Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby, Leo Tolstoy; 3. Conscientious Objector, Edna St. Vincent Millay; 4. Neither Victims Nor Executioners, Albert Camus; 5. Ahimsa, or the Way of Nonviolence, Mohandas Gandhi; 6. Civilian Resistance as a National Defense, Gene Sharp; CHAPTER 6. RELIGIOUS INSPIRATION; 1. The Bhagavad Gita, Hindu; 2. Being Peace, Thich Nhat Hanh (Buddhist); 3. Tao De Ching, Taoist; 4. The Old Testament, Jewish; 5. The New Testament, Christian; * 6. The Meaning of Jihad in Islam, Ali Gomaa; 7. Holy Disobedience, A. J. Muste; 8. A Devout Meditation in Memory of Adolf Eichmann, Thomas Merton; CHAPTER 7. PEACE MOVEMENTS, TRANSFORMATION, AND THE FUTURE; 1. Building Utopias in History, Elise Boulding; 2. On Humane Governance, Richard Falk; 3. Sexism and the War System, Betty Reardon; * 4. A Human Approach to World Peace, Dalai Lama; * 5. Empire v. Democracy: Why Nemesis Is at Our Door, Chalmers Johnson; * 6. No Future Without Forgiveness, Desmond Tutu; * 7. Antiwar Activists, Where Are You?, Victoria Bonney; 8. A Few Poetic Visionsshow more