Approaches in Criminal Profiling

Approaches in Criminal Profiling : An Introduction

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What exactly is criminal profiling and what are the different approaches used by police forces all over the world? Best selling writer David E. Malocco, author of Forensic Science: Crime Scene Analysis and How to Commit the Perfect Murder has published the fourth book in the hugely successful Student Guides Simplified series. Following on from A Brief History of Criminal Profiling which deals with the evolution of profiling this book discuses, examines and analyses four different approaches to criminal profiling. The Diagnostic Evaluation approach began in the 1950s with New York psychiatrist Dr. James Brussel being asked to input on two high profile cases, the Mad Bomber of New York, and the Boston Strangler. The first case proved to be a spectacular success with Brussel providing a classic text book profile right down to how the suspect dressed. But the failure of a high profile team of psychiatrists, psychologists and anthropologists to catch the Boston Strangler or even identify whether the authorities should be looking for one or more suspects damaged the credibility of the diagnostic evaluation approach. The FBI then decided that a retreat to good old classic detective work was necessary and from this the Crime Scene Analysis approach developed. The author examines three serial killer cases where this approach was used, Richard Trent Chase, Gary Ridgway and Dennis Rader. However, in respect of the above three case studies the profile for Richard Trenton Chase was accurate and the case was solved; the profile of Gary Ridgway was inaccurate and the profile did not lead to the arrest of the suspect; and in the Dennis Rader case the profile was ambiguous and it did not lead to the arrest of the suspect. The FBI continue to develop their model and currently take the lead in research on the development of criminal personality profiling. But, while the FBI model of profiling still remains highly influential, another form of profiling, emanating from Britain, and called investigative psychology (IP), pioneered by Professor David Canter, is now beginning to rival and some argue, surpass, the FBI approach. Investigative psychology is now the new kid on the block. The Investigative Psychology approach otherwise known as the statistical-research approach to criminal profiling, claims to be grounded in scientific methodology and, is based on the multivariate analysis of the behavioral and other crime scene data to infer the characteristics, and psychological process of the unsub. Meanwhile, the fourth approach, Geographical Profiling, pioneered by Kim Rossmo appears to be the front runner with Police agencies around the world using several major software programs to perform geographic profiling tasks, such as Rigel(R), Predator, CrimeStat, and Dragnet. These software programs can help in identifying if a series of crimes are linked, that is, carried out by the same offender or offenders. Each approach is examined in detail making this book an essential introduction to anyone studying or interested in criminal more

Product details

  • Paperback | 194 pages
  • 152.4 x 228.6 x 12.45mm | 353.8g
  • Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1507802129
  • 9781507802120

About MR David Elio Malocco

David Elio Malocco was born in Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland. His father was born in Casalattico in Frosinone in Italy and his mother was born in Monaghan in Ireland. He was educated at the Christian Brothers School in Dundalk and his parents later sent him to St. Patrick's College in Cavan where they hoped he would be ordained as a Roman Catholic priest. But he chose law and business instead. He received his Bachelor of Civil Law degree from University College Dublin and spent fifteen years as a criminal lawyer before taking a second degree at the Open University, Milton Keynes in England where he obtained a first class honors degree in Psychology majoring in Cognitive Development. In 1991 he realized a personal ambition and moved to New York where he studied film direction, production and writing for film at New York University. Since then he has written numerous screenplays in several genre and has written, produced and directed several shorts and three feature films, Virgin Cowboys, Magdalen and Jack Gambel: The Enigma. He later studied creative writing at Oxford University and since then has completed a Higher Certificate in Psychotherapy; a Professional Certificate in Stockbroking from the Institute of Banking and is currently completing a Masters in Financial Services from University College Dublin.. He is a graduate member of the British Psychological Society; and a member of the Association of Professional Counsellors and Psychotherapists; the American Criminology Society; and, the Institute of Banking. He has written several books on true crime and forensic science. The books were motivated by dual diplomas he had taken. The first was in the Psychology of Criminal Profiling and the second in Forensic Science specializing in crime scene analysis. But his repertoire of writing also includes comedy, cooking, conspiracy theories and health books. David is a lifelong supporter of Liverpool Football Club and enjoys filmmaking, writing, drinking wine, cooking and rescuing abandoned and abused dogs. You can email him on davidmalocco@gmail.comshow more