Applying Statistics in the Courtroom

Applying Statistics in the Courtroom : A New Approach for Attorneys and Expert Witnesses

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Description

This publication is directed at both attorneys and statisticians to ensure they will work together successfully on the application of statistics in the law. Attorneys will learn how best to utilize the statistician's talents, while gaining an enriched understanding of the law relevant to audits, jury selection, discrimination, environmental hazards, evidence, and torts as it relates to statistical issues. Statisticians will learn that the law is what judges say it is and to frame their arguments accordingly. This book will increase the effectiveness of both parties in presenting and attacking statistical arguments in the courtroom. Topics covered include sample and survey methods, probability, testing hypotheses, and multiple regression.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 296 pages
  • 163.1 x 245.9 x 21.3mm | 646.94g
  • Taylor & Francis Inc
  • Chapman & Hall/CRC
  • Boca Raton, FL, United States
  • English
  • 2002.
  • 10 black & white illustrations, 18 black & white tables
  • 1584882719
  • 9781584882718

Review quote

... This text is largely successful at providing an introductory overview to the attorney and the statistician, which will prepare them for entering the unknown territory of the other group. ... For the statistician who is unfamiliar with legal proceedings, the book provides specific and sound advice on methods for presenting statistical concepts in terms that a judge would understand. Similarly, attorneys who are seeking to use supporting statistics in a variety of legal settings will find many of the ideas presented useful. ... The strength of this book is that it contains practical and useful advice on the use of statistics and probability in such areas as jury selection, discrimination, trademark disputes, criminal law, civil law, and product liability. -Forensic Science Communications, April 2003, Vol. 5, No. 2 This is the best book on statistics and the law that has ever been written ... Unless your company never appears in any adversarial proceeding, this book should be on your bookshelf. It is profusely illustrated with a wealth of cases that will interest any statistician. -Technometrics, May 2002show more

Table of contents

Preface Interpreting Case Citations PART I: SAMPLES AND POPULATIONS Samples and Populations Audits Determining the Appropriate Population Representative Samples and Jury Selection Concepts Issues Composition of the Jury Pool Random Selection To Learn More Sample and Survey Methodology Concepts Sampling Methodology Increasing Sample Reliability Missing Data and Nonresponders Presenting Your Case Concepts The Center or Average Measures of Precision Changes in Rates PART II: PROBABILITY Probability Concepts Equally-Likely, Equally Probable, Equally Frequent Mutually-Exclusive Events Conditional Probabilities Independence Bayes Theorem To Learn More Criminal Law Facts not Probabilities Observation vs Guesstimates Probable Cause Sentencing To Learn More Civil Law The Civil Paradigm Holdings Speculative Gains and Losses To Learn More Environmental Hazards Concepts Is the Evidence Admissible? Is the Evidence Sufficient? Risk v. Probability Use of Models Observations v. Experiments Multiple Defendants PART III: HYPOTHESIS TESTING AND ESTIMATION How Large is Large? Discrimination 80% Rule No Sample Too Small Methods of Analysis Comparing Two Samples The Underlying Population Distribution Theory Contingency Tables To Learn More Correlation Correlation Bias Testing Linear Regression Sidebar: Limitations of Regression Multivariate Regression Lost Earnings Multiple Applications Collinearity and Partial Correlation Defenses Rebuttal Decisions Alternate Forms of Regression Analysis When Statistics Don't Count Counter-Attack PART IV: APPLYING STATISTICS IN THE COURTROOM Preventative Statistics Concepts Appropriate Controls Power of a Test Coincidence Recognizing Bad Statistics The Trial Process-For the Statistician Selecting the Case Pre-Filing Discovery Depositions Post-Deposition, Pre-Trial In the Courtroom Appeals Making Effective Use of Statistics and Statisticians-For the Attorney Selecting the Statistician Pre-Filing Preparation Discovery Presentation of Evidence Appeals TABLE OF AUTHORITIES BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEXshow more