Anthropology in Public Health

Anthropology in Public Health : Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

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Description

Cultural and social boundaries often separate those who participate in public health activities, and it is a major challenge to translate public health knowledge and technical capacity into public health action across these boundaries. This book provides an overview of anthropology and illustrates in 15 case studies how anthropological concepts and methods can help us understand and resolve diverse public health problems around the world. For example, one chapter shows how differences in concepts and terminology among patients, clinicians, and epidemiologists in a southwestern U. S. county hinder the control of epidemics. Another chapter examines reasons that Mexican farmers don't use protective equipment when spraying pesticides and suggests ways to increase use. Another examines the culture of international health agencies, demonstrates institutional values and practices that impede effective public health practice, and suggests issues that must be addressed to enhance institutional organization and process. Each chapter characterizes a public health problem, describes methods used to analyse it, reviews results, and discusses implications; several chapters also describe and evaluate programs designed to address the problem on the basis of anthropological knowledge. The book provides practical models and indicates anthropological tools to translate public health knowledge and technical capacity into public health action.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 406 pages
  • 154.9 x 228.6 x 27.9mm | 539.78g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 4 line drawings
  • 019511955X
  • 9780195119558

Table of contents

1. How Anthropology Can Enhance Public Health Practice; PART I. INFECTIOUS DISEASE; 2. Folk Fly and Viral Syndrome: An Anthroplological Perspective; 3. The Role of Anthropological Methods in a Community-based Mosquito Net Intervention in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania; 4. Engaging Indigenous African Healers in the Prevention of AIDS and STDs; 5. Anthropological Perspectives on Childhood Pneumonia in Pakistan; PART II. CANCER; 6. Ethnography and Breast Cancer Control Among Latino and Anglo Women in Southern California; 7. A Policy Approach to Reducing Cancer Risk in Northwest Indian Tribes; PART III. PHARMACY AND NUTRITION; 8. The Rational Basis of "Irrational" Drug Use: Pharmaceuticals in the Context of Development; 9. Cultural Tailoring in Indonesia's National Nutrition Improvement Program; PART IV. INJURY AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH; 10. Road Warriors: Driving Behaviors on a Polynesian Island; 11. Balancing Risks and Resources: Applying Pesticides without Protective Equipment in Southern Mexico; PART V. COMMUNITY HEALTH; 12. Prospects for Family Planning in Cote d'Ivoire: Ethnographic Contributions to the Development of Culturally Appropriate Population Policy; 13. Integrating Mental Health Care and Traditional Healing in Puerto Rico: Lessons from an Early Experiment; 14. Project Community Diagnosis: Participatory Research as a First Step Toward Community Involvement in Primary Health Care; PART VI. HEALTH INSTITUTIONS; 15. Neglect of Cultural Knowledge in Health Planning: Nepal's Assistant Nurse-Midwife Program; 16. Bureaucratic Aspects of International Health Programsshow more

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