Excerpt from Annual Report of the Superintendent: December, 1934
A study of the statistics of school population for the five-year period 1929 to 1933, inclusive, brings to our attention several problems of major importance. During this period the number of pupils in Grades I to VIII, inclusive, in September, 1929, was The year 1930 reduced this total by 401 to This decline was accentuated in 1931 by a loss of pupils and was continued in 1933 by a reduction of 439, which brought the total elementary school population down to and showed a total loss of pupils, or an average loss of 705 each year.
The indications are that September, 1934, will show we have suffered even greater losses in these grades, and no one can with assurance predict the end of this movement. Many factors, doubtless, contribute to this result, but three are outstanding. The restriction of immigration the continued growth of parochial schools and the movement of residents from the older, more crowded parts of Boston Proper to the cities and towns of the metropolitan district. Other factors in this problem may be developments which lie deeper in our changing social development, for the great City of New York reports a loss in these grades of more than pupils.
The loss of these pupils has had a most disheartening effect upon the movement of the long list of eligible candidates awaiting appointment to our permanent service. Had the primary-elementary population remained static at the 1929 level we should have been able to appoint to our permanent service at least seventy teachers in addition to those who were appointed as replacements during that period.
As the numbers in a district decreased, the number of teachers allowed under the rules was correspondingly reduced, and the excess teachers in every case were transferred to districts which showed a growth or had vacancies in the teaching per sonnel caused by marriage or retirement.
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