The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Volume 1

The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1890 edition. Excerpt: ...with 3 60"' firmation of all previous liberties and franchises conferred Upon the inhabitants of the colony. This third charter of Virginia thus erected the London Trading Company into a body-politic, democratic in its organization, with powers vested in a chief executive, a council, and an assembly, having full authority to legislate and to establish a form Of government for the colony confided to its care.1 The charter just described possessed all the essential elements of a written constitution. It established a frame Of government and distributed executive, judicial, and legislative functions. It was, however, merely the constitution of an English trading company. It is necessary to Show how this corporate constitution furnished the type of the colonial constitution. of Virginia. The kind of privileges which the company had now obtained from the kmg, and which served to give new life and hope to their Own members, the company were not slow to perceive might afford similar benefits to the struggling colonists, with whose interests their own were closely allied. They had themselves learned the repressive effects of an autocratic policy. Their own colonists were now under the Control of a single governor, who exercised an almost military power, and whose arbitrary rule occasioned many CQmplaints on the part of his subjects. The exceptional tYranny of one Argall induced the company to establish in the colony a council, which like their own council should act as an advisory body to the governor. But the chief step which gave to the colonial government the same general form as that possessed by the company was due to the instructions given to Governor Yeardley to call a general assembly of the colonists that they might have a...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 352 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 19mm | 630g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236812220
  • 9781236812223