Animal Behavior
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Animal Behavior : An Evolutionary Approach

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This new edition of Animal Behavior has been thoroughly rewritten with coverage of much recent work in animal behavior. The scope of the changes for the tenth edition, however, is much more all-encompassing than that of past revisions. Thoughtful suggestions from many readers inspired a major reorganization of the material, such that the new book presents the central concepts of animal behavior in a different sequence from prior editions: The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection. Instead of introducing the concept of proximate and ultimate causation and then focusing heavily on the proximate mechanisms of behavior in the early chapters, this edition focuses first on the evolutionary basis of behavior. Chapter 1 presents the concept of a Darwinian puzzle, a trait that exists even though it seems to reduce the reproductive success of individuals, in which case it should have been eliminated by natural selection. The emphasis on Darwinian puzzles continues, with an in-depth discussion of the evolution of altruism in Chapter 2 (versus Chapter 14) and subsequent exploration of the adaptive value of a broad range of traits from anti-predator activities to reproductive and parental behaviors. The Distinction between Proximate and Ultimate Causation in Biology. Once the major findings of behavioral ecology have been examined, the book turns its attention to the proximate mechanisms underlying animal behavior. Here, too, the emphasis remains on the evolutionary puzzles provided by particular developmental and neurophysiological mechanisms. This approach provides continuity with earlier chapters while helping readers see the connections between adaptive behaviors and the adaptive internal systems that make those behaviors possible. The Procedures That Scientists Use to Test Their Tentative Explanations for Such Things as Darwinian Puzzles. Throughout, the text shows how researchers use scientific logic to study the underlying mechanisms and the evolutionary bases of behavior. The emphasis is on how evolutionary theory unifies the various subdisciplines within animal behavior. These points are highlighted again in the final chapter on human behavior, with its treatment of the proximate and ultimate causes of language and the evolution of mate choice in our species. Enduring features of prior editions remain evident in this new book: the clear, engaging writing style; text beautifully illustrated with many new photographs; references to a large number of new scientific articles; and a substantial number of new and old discussion questions embedded in the text. For Instructors Available to qualified adopters of Animal Behavior, the Tenth Edition Instructor's Resource Library contains a variety of teaching and laboratory resources. The IRL includes the following: Textbook Figures & Tables All of the textbook's figures (art and photographs) and tables are provided in both JPEG (high- and low-resolution) and PowerPoint formats. All of the images have been formatted and optimized for excellent projection quality. Animal Behavior Video Collection This collection of video segments brings to life many of the specific behaviors discussed in the textbook. Compiled from the collection of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology's Macaulay Library and from many individual researchers, these clips are great for use in class. The segments are short and easy to incorporate into lectures. All segments are provided as QuickTime movies and in ready-to-use PowerPoint presentations. Teaching Animal Behavior An Instructor's Manual to Accompany Animal Behavior, Tenth EditionTeaching Animal Behavior offers instructors several resources to facilitate the preparation of lectures, quizzes, and exams. Contents include: * Answers to the discussion questions presented in the textbook* Sample quiz questions and answers* Sample exam questions and answers* Descriptions to accompany the collection of animal behavior videos* A listing of films on animal behavior for use in the classroom Learning the Skills of Research: Animal Behavior Exercises in the Laboratory and FieldEdited by Elizabeth M. Jakob and Margaret Hodge Students learn best about the process of science by carrying out projects from start to finish. Animal behavior laboratory classes are particularly well-suited for independent student research, as high-quality projects can be conducted with simple materials and in a variety of environments. The exercises in this electronic lab manual are geared to helping students learn about all stages of the scientific process: hypothesis development, observing and quantifying animal behavior, statistical analysis, and data presentation. Additional exercises allow the students to practice these skills, with topics ranging from habitat selection in isopods to human navigation. Both student and instructor documentation is provided. Data sheets and other supplementary material are offered in editable formats that instructors can modify as desired.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 522 pages
  • 228.6 x 274.32 x 22.86mm | 1,338.09g
  • Sinauer Associates Inc.,U.S.
  • Sunderland, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 10th Revised edition
  • w. numerous col. ill. and fotos
  • 0878939660
  • 9780878939664
  • 98,301

About John Alcock

John Alcock is Regents' Professor Emeritus of Biology at Arizona State University, USA. His research deals with the behavioral ecology of insect mating systems, with projects that have taken him from Arizona to Costa Rica and Australia. He wrote The Triumph of Sociobiology (2001) and coauthored The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems (1983) with Randy Thornhill. Alcock has also written seven other books on animal behavior and natural history for general audiences. One of these, In a Desert Garden, received the Burroughs' Award for natural history writing in 1998. Dr. Alcock also received the Dean's Quality Teaching Award the first year it was given at Arizona State University.show more

Review quote

"The tenth edition talks about behavioral ecology early and often. I commend this conceptual shift and the overall bold revision of a classic textbook. It would have been adequate to simply sprinkle in new studies within the existing framework, so the changes seem to reflect a heartfelt desire of Alcock to make an excellent volume even better. This is clearly a labor of love and has a strong personal flavor for a textbook. As in previous editions, the narrative is powered by Alcock's infectious desire to present science, evolution, and behavior clearly and memorably. I recommend this volume to all students of animal behavior. It is a great place to first discover the field, or to rediscover the big picture after years of work within the field."--Peter A. Bednekoff, The Quarterly Review of Biology"I absolutely love this book. I have become a great fan of John Alcock. His discussions within the chapter are extremely gripping and I love his approach connecting all aspects of the genetics, environment, and evolution to the animal's behavior. Kudos!"--Madeline Mignone, Dominican Collegeshow more

Table of contents

PART I: AN INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 1. The Behavioral Ecology of a Digger Bee 2. The Science of Behavioral Biology PART II: BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND THE EVOLUTION OF ALTRUISM 3. Explaining Altruism: Intelligent Design? 4. Kin Selection and Inclusive Fitness Theory 5. The History of Behavioral Traits 6. Kin Selection and Social Conflict PART III: THE EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR 7. The Evolution of Helpful Behavior 8. Kin Selection and Helpful Behavior 9. Helpers at the Nest: A Darwinian Puzzle 10. Altruism in Vertebrates and Insects: A Comparison PART IV: THE EVOLUTION OF COMMUNICATION 11. The History of a Strange Display 12. Sensory Exploitation and the Origin of Communication Signals 13. The Behavioral Ecology of Communication PART V: AVOIDING PREDATORS AND FINDING FOOD 14. The Definition of Adaptation 15. Testing Adaptationist Hypotheses 16. A Cost-Benefit Approach to Social Defenses 17. A Cost-Benefit Approach to Cryptic Behavior 18. Optimality Theory and Antipredator Behavior 19. Optimality Theory and Foraging Decisions 20. Game Theory, Feeding Behavior and Another Darwinian Puzzle PART VI: THE EVOLUTION OF HABITAT SELECTION, TERRITORIALITY, AND MIGRATION 24. Habitat Selection and Ideal Free Distribution Theory 25. When to Invest in Territorial Defense 26. Dispersal and Migration PART VII: THE EVOLUTION OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR 27. Sexual Selection and Bowerbird Behavior 28. Sexual Selection and Parental Investment 29. Sexual Selection and the Competition for Mates 30. Sexual Selection and Sperm Competition 31. Sexual Selection and Mate Choice PART VIII: THE EVOLUTION OF MATING SYSTEMS 32. Is Male Monogamy Adaptive? 33. Monogamous Males, Polyandrous Females 34. What Do Females Gain from Polyandry? 35. Why Are There So Many Kinds of Polygynous Mating Systems? PART IX: THE EVOLUTION OF PARENTAL CARE 36. The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Parental Care 37. Discriminating Parental Care 38. The Puzzle of Parental Favoritism PART X: PROXIMATE AND ULTIMATE CAUSES OF BEHAVIOR 39. Connecting the Four Levels of Analysis 40. The Proximate and Ultimate Causes of Monogamy in Prairie Voles 41. The Proximate Causes of Bird Song 42. The Ultimate Causes of Bird Song 43. Proximate and Ultimate Causes Are Complementary PART XI: THE DEVELOPMENT OF BEHAVIOR 44. The Nature or Nurture Misconception 45. Environmental Differences Can Cause Behavioral Differences 46. Genetic Differences Can Also Cause Behavioral Differences 47. Evolution and Behavioral Development PART XII: EVOLUTION, NERVOUS SYSTEMS, AND BEHAVIOR 48. Complex Responses to Simple Stimuli 49. Detecting, Processing, and Responding to Ecologically Significant Stimuli 50. The Proximate Basis of Stimulus Filtering 51. The Evolution of Cognitive Skills PART XIII: HOW NEURONS AND HORMONES ORGANIZE BEHAVIOR 52. Neural Command and Control 53. Hormonal Modulation of Behavior 54. The Costs of Hormonal Regulation PART XIV: THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR 55. Language and the Four Levels of Analysis 56. The Evolutionary Analysis of Mate Choice 57. The Evolutionary Analysis of Sexual Conflict 58. Practical Applications of Evolutionary Theory 59. The Triumph of an Evolutionary Analysis of Human Behaviorshow more

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232 ratings
4.06 out of 5 stars
5 38% (87)
4 40% (92)
3 17% (40)
2 3% (8)
1 2% (5)
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