Michell, John and Robert, comp. and tr. - "The Russians in Central Asia: Their Occupation of the Kirghiz Steppe and the Line of the Syr-Daria; Their Political Relations with Khiva, Bokhara, and Kokan; Also Descriptions of Chinese Turkestan and Dzungaria". By Capt. Valikhanof, M. Veniukof, and Other Russian travellers (London, 1865). Anthology includes l858 Russian mission to Khiva, Valikhanov on Kashgar in 1859, Veniukov on the Chu Valley, Russia's establishment on the Aral Sea and the Syr-Daria, and Zalesov on Russo-Bukharan relations 1836-43 (with a full account of Stoddart and Conolly as prisoners); compilers are sympathetic to Russia, deem Russian invasion of India a 'phantom'. Use only Valikhanov and Veniukov; see also #B.1. Trench, Capt. Frederic Chenevix - "The Russo-Indian Question Historically, Strategically, and Politically Considered" (London, 1869). On the basis of Russian sources, the author covers Western and Eastern Turkestan and Afghanistan; although no Russophobe, he urges British taking of Kandahar to obviate concern about Russia's possible advance to Herat once its railway reaches the Amu-Daria. Use only sections on Eastern Turkestan; see also #B.2.
Shaw, Robert - "Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand and Kashgar, and Return Journey over the Karakoram Pass" (London, 1871). Travels in 1868-69 to the court of Yakub Beg, independent ruler of Kashgar (1867-77), for whose alliance Russia and Britain competed [Lahore, 1996]. Hayward, George W. - "'Journey from Leh to Yarkand and Kashgar...', The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, volume 40" (1870), pp.33-134. Hayward joined Shaw's mission en route to Yarkand, which they were the first Englishmen to visit. Henderson, George and Allan O. Hume - "Lahore to Yarkand; Incidents of the Route and Natural History of the Countries Traversed by the Expedition of 1870", under T. D. Forsyth (London, 1873). Both authors were members of Forsyth's mission. Out of total of 370 pages, 151 deal with matters other than flora and fauna [Lahore, 1981] Forsyth, Sir Thomas Douglas - "Report of a Mission to Yarkund in 1873" (Calcutta, 1875). Comprehensive volume on mission to Kashgar in 1873-74, with contributions by Gordon and other members of party. Of a total 573 pages, the first 293 plus Chapter IX 'Commerce' (15 pages) are excellent, the remainder consists of geographical appendices.
Gordon, Lieut.-Col. Sir Thomas Edward - "The Roof of the World: Being a Narrative of a Journey over the High Plateau of Tibet to the Russian Frontier and the Oxus Sources on Pamir" (Edinburgh, 1876). Author was attached to Forsyth's 1873-74 mission, which he left to proceed north to the Tian Shan Mountains (separating Kashgar from Kuldja, held by Russia in 1871-81) and west to the Pamirs; includes account of Hayward's murder in 1870 en route to the Pamirs by a local ruler Kuropatkin, Col. A. N. - "Kashgaria: Eastern or Chinese Turkistan" (Calcutta, 1882). Tr. from Russian edn, 1879; very complete account of the author's embassy from Governor-General Kaufman of Turkestan to Yakub Beg in 1876-77 Przhevalskii, Col. Nikolai Mikhailovich - "From Kulja, across the Tian Shan to Lob-Nor "(London, 1879). Tr. from the author's 1877 article (on his scientific expedition in that year) in the journal of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, with a valuable introduction by Forsyth and other added material; of a total 251 pages, 165 concern Przhevalskii's journey [New York, 1969].
Lansdell, Henry - "Russian Central Asia, Including Kuldja, Bokhara, Khiva and Merv", 2 vols (London, 1885) An English clergyman's travels in 1882 ["Russia Observed" series, NY: Arno Press, 1970]. Use only material on Kuldja; see also #C.6 Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward - "The Heart of a Continent: A Narrative of Travels in Manchuria, across the Gobi Desert, through the Himalayas, the Pamirs, and Chitral, 1884- 1894" (London, 1896). Author traveled through Chinese Turkestan in 1887, the Pamirs and Kashgar in 1890-91, encountered Russian exploring parties in 1889 and 1891; out of a total 401 pages, 136 deal with these regions. Curzon, George N. - "The Pamirs and the Source of the Oxus" (London, 1898). Scholarly articles on British and Russian exploration of Pamirs published in 1896 in The Geographical Journal, based on two trips in 1894 (the first together with Younghusband); Curzon was Viceroy and Governor-General of India in 1898-1905. Not Used from Original List (numbered as in that list). Vambery, Arminius - "Travels in Central Asia" (London, 1864). Journey from Teheran to Khiva, Bukhara, and Samarkand in 1863 by a Hungarian ["Russia Observed" series, NY: Arno Press, 1970].
Id. - "Sketches of Central Asia" (London, 1868) ["Russia Observed" series, NY: Arno Press, 1970]. Schuyler, Eugene - "Turkistan. Notes of a Journey in Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara, and Kuldja", 2 vols (New York, 1876). Trip in 1873 by the U.S. consul-general in St. Petersburg [London: Routledge, 1966]. MacGahan, J. A. - "Campaigning on the Oxus, and the Fall of Khiva" (New York, 1874). Eye-witness account by the The New York Herald's correspondent ["Russia Observed" series, NY: Arno Press, 1970]. Rawlinson, Major General Sir Henry - "England and Russia in the East" (London, 1875). By an influential leader of the Indian Army [NY: Praeger, 1970] Terentiev, M. A. - "Russia and England in Central Asia", 2 vols (Calcutta, 1876). By a participant in the Russian conquest; adamantly anti-British response to Vambery (#18) and Rawlinson (#24); tr. of Russian edn, 1875. Marvin, Charles - "Reconnoitring Central Asia: Pioneering Adventures in the Region Lying between Russia and India" (London, 1884; 2nd edn, London, 1885). Retelling of accounts by 15 travellers (9 British, 5 Russian, and Vambery) in 1863-83 [New Delhi, 1996]. Yate, Major C. E.
- "Northern Afghanistan or Letters from the Afghan Boundary Commission" (Edinburgh, 1888]. Work of 1884-86 commission, by brother of A. C. Yate (see C.13) [Lahore, 1976]. Dobson, George - "Russia's Railway Advance into Central Asia" (London, 1890). By a London Times correspondent, member of a group officially invited to witness the inauguration of the Central Asian Railway in spring 1888 [IDC microfiche] Vambery, Arminius - "Western Culture in Eastern Lands; A Comparison of the Methods Adopted by England and Russia in the Middle East" (London, 1906). Stresses the benefits of European, especially British, imperialism in Asia; sees both Britain and Russia as satisfied powers in Asia; published on the eve of the 1907 Anglo-Russian entente, which settled the two powers' rivalry in Persia and Central Asia.show more