Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture

Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture

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This introduction to the Ancient Near East includes coverage of Egypt and a balance of political, social, and cultural coverage. Organized by the periods, kingdoms, and empires generally used in Near Eastern political history, the text interlaces social and cultural history with the political narrative. This combination allows students to get a rounded introduction to the subject of Ancient Near Eastern history. An emphasis on problems and areas of uncertainty helps students understand how evidence is used to create interpretations and allows them to realize that several different interpretations of the same evidence are possible.This introduction to the Ancient Near East includes coverage of Egypt and a balance of political, social, and cultural more

Product details

  • Paperback | 416 pages
  • 190.5 x 231.14 x 20.32mm | 589.67g
  • Taylor & Francis Inc
  • Pearson
  • New York, NY, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • Illustrations, maps
  • 032142297X
  • 9780321422972
  • 579,285

Back cover copy

Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture William H. Stiebing Jr. Second Edition "Simply the best textbook currently available for the study of the Ancient Near East and Egypt. It is a well-written, intelligent, up-to-date survey that provides students with an excellent background while at the same time holding their interest." - Devin J. Steward, Emory University "Far and away the very best textbook available for a general history course on the Ancient Near East." - Glen Cooper, Brigham Young University Organized by the periods, kingdoms, and empires generally used in Near Eastern political history, this text interlaces social and cultural history with a political narrative. An emphasis on historical debates and areas of uncertainty helps students understand how evidence is used to create interpretations and that several different interpretations of history are possible. New Features Controversial issues are highlighted in sections titled "Debating the Evidence," making it easier for students and teachers to find and use the portions of the text devoted to scholarly arugments about the evidence for various aspects of ancient Near Eastern history. A new Chapter 4, "The Old Babylonian Period and Its Aftermath" gives more insight into this important period. More information is provided on culture and economy, especially in the sections on the Old Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, and Neo-Babylonian periods. Visit us at "show more

About William H. Stiebing

William H. Stiebing Jr. is Porfessor Emeritus of Ancient History at the University of New more

Table of contents

List of Tables, Figures, Maps, and Documents Preface Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1 Introduction Studying the Ancient Near East What Is the "Near East"? The Nature of Historical Study Antiquity's "Clues" Creating a Chronology for the Ancient Near East A Note on Chronological Terminology: b.c.e./c.e. vs. b.c./a.d. Absolute and Relative Chronology Sources for Ancient Near Eastern Chronology Prelude: Near Eastern Prehistory The Origins of Sedentary Life (c. 10,500-8300 b.c.e.) Early Agricultural Communities in Southwest Asia (c. 8300-6000 b.c.e.) The Development of Complex Societies in Southwest Asia (c. 6000-3700 b.c.e.) Early Cultures of the Nile Valley (c. 8000-3500 b.c.e.) Debating the Evidence: The Emergence of Social Stratification and Male Dominance CHAPTER 2 The Dawn of Civilization in Western Asia The Emergence of Mesopotamian Civilization (c. 3700-3000 b.c.e.) The Urban Revolution The Development of Cuneiform Writing Debating the Evidence: The Origin of the Sumerians Other People of Mesopotamia The Emergence of Elam The Mesopotamian Early Dynastic Period (c. 3000-2330 b.c.e.) An Era of Independent City States Debating the Evidence: The "Royal Tombs" of Ur Mesopotamian Culture During the Early Dynastic Era Religion and World View Debating the Evidence: The Sacred Marriage Ceremony The Development of Kingship Economy and Society Education, Literature, and the Arts Science, Technology, and Warfare Urbanization in Other Areas of Western Asia (c. 3300-2300 b.c.e.) Early Bronze Age Syria and Palestine Early Bronze Age Anatolia and Iran CHAPTER 3 The First Mesopotamian Empires The Akkadian Empire (c. 2334-2193 b.c.e.) 65 Sargon of Akkad (c. 2334-2279 b.c.e) Sargon's Successors Debating the Evidence: Divine Kingship Administration of the Empire Debating the Evidence: Reasons for Empire's Collapse The Third Dynasty of Ur (c. 2112-2004 b.c.e.) Ur's Rise to Power Shulgi's Reforms The Fall of Ur Persian Gulf and Central Asian Civilizations Dilmun, Magan, and Meluhha The Oxus Civilization CHAPTER 4 The Old Babylonian Period and Its Aftermath The "Interregnum" After the Fall of Ur (2000-1800 B.C.E.) The Assyrian Merchant Colony at Kanesh The Ascendancy of Isin and Larsa Hammurabi and His Dynasty (c. 1800-1595 B.C.E.) Shamshi-Adad's Empire Hammurabi and His Successors Old Babylonian Cultural Developments Literature Debating the Evidence: The "Code" of Hammurabi Babylonian Society in the "Code" The Hittite Old Kingdom Debating the Evidence: Indo-European Origins The Emergence of a Hittite State The Emergence of New Peoples The Hurrians and the Kingdom of Mitanni Kassite Rule in Babylonia CHAPTER 5 EGYPT TO THE END OF THE OLD KINGDOM The Late Predynastic Era (c. 3500-3000 b.c.e) The Geography of Egypt and Nubia The People of the Nile Valley Prelude to Civilization: The Naqada II Period The Formation of the Egyptian State (c. 3050-2686 b.c.e.) Debating the Evidence: The Process of Unification The Development of Egyptian Writing The Early Dynastic Period (Dynasties 1 and 2) Major Elements of Egyptian Culture Ma'at Divine Kingship Burial and the Afterlife Religion and Ritual The Old Kingdom (Dynasties 3-6, c. 2686-2180 b.c.e.) Djoser and the First Pyramid The Zenith of Royal Power: The Fourth Dynasty (c. 2613-2498 b.c.e.) Debating the Evidence: Dating the Great Sphinx The Latter Part of the Old Kingdom: Dynasties 5 and 6 (c. 2498-2180 b.c.e.) Early Egyptian Society and Culture CHAPTER 6 The Rise And Fall Of The Egyptian Middle Kingdom The First Intermediate Period: Dynasties 7-11a (c. 2180-2040 b.c.e.) Where is Ma'at? 139 The Intermediate Period's Effects The Middle Kingdom: Dynasties 11b-13a (c. 2040-1720 b.c.e.) The Establishment of the Middle Kingdom The Impressive Twelfth Dynasty Cultural Developments During the Middle Kingdom The Second Intermediate Period: Dynasties 13b-17 (c. 1720-1540 b.c.e.) The Onset of the Second Intermediate Period The Kingdom of Kush (Upper Nubia) Hyksos Rule and the Dynasty at Thebes: Dynasties 15 and 17 (c. 1650-1540 b.c.e.) Debating the Evidence: Hyksos Relations with the Levant Egyptian and Levantine Contacts with the Minoan Culture of Crete CHAPTER 7 EGYPT'S POWERFUL EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY The Beginning of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. 1550-1479 b.c.e.) 162 The Early Eighteenth Dynasty Debating the Evidence: The "Royal Heiress" Theory Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (c. 1479-1425 b.c.e.) Hatshepsut Becomes King The Sole Rule of Thutmose III The Egyptian Empire at Its Height (c. 1425-1350 b.c.e.) The Reigns of Amenhotep II and Thutmose IV Amenhotep III, "The Magnificent" The New Egyptian Army Late Bronze Age Canaan (Palestine and Coastal Syria) Relations with the Aegean Kingdoms Akhenaton and the Amarna Period (c. 1350-1334 b.c.e.) Controversies of the Amarna Age Debating the Evidence: Did Akhenaton Have a Co-Regency With His Father? The Beginning of Amenhotep IV's Reign Debating the Evidence: Akhenaton's Religion Debating the Evidence: The Revolution's Denouement The End of the Eighteenth Dynasty (c. 1334-1293 b.c.e.) Tutankhamun and the Restoration of Amun The Reigns of Ay and Horemheb, (c. 1325-1293 b.c.e.) CHAPTER 8 The End of the Bronze Age The Zenith of Hittite Power (c. 1344-1180 b.c.e.) Revival and Extension of the Hittite Empire Hatti's Showdown With Egypt Debating the Evidence: The Historicity of the Trojan War Hittite Culture Economy, Society, and Government Religion Languages and Literature The Twilight of the Egyptian Empire (c.1293-1150 b.c.e.) The Empire's Final Flash of Greatness Invasions of the Sea Peoples The Collapse of Bronze Age Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean The Mycenaean Kingdoms The Demise of the Hittite Empire The End of Egyptian Power The Decline of Assyria and Babylonia Debating the Evidence: What Caused the Collapse? CHAPTER 9 Recovery And Transformation (c. 1100-745 b.C.E.) Mesopotamia and Egypt Assyria and Babylonia The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt Anatolia The Kingdom of Urartu The Phrygian and Neo-Hittite Kingdoms Syria The Aramaeans The Phoenicians Debating the Evidence: Infant Sacrifice Early Israel Debating the Evidence: The Emergence of Israel The Formation of the Israelite State (The United Monarchy) The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah Other Small States of the Southern Levant The Philistines Ammon, Moab, and Edom Small Kingdoms and Confederations in Arabia CHAPTER 10 MESOPOTAMian Supremacy The Height of Assyrian Dominion (744-627 b.c.e.) Reestablishment and Expansion of Assyrian Power (744-681 b.c.e.) The Empire at Its Zenith (680-627 b.c.e.) Neo-Assyrian Society and Culture The King, Crown Prince, and Queen Non-Royal Social Classes The Army Administration of the Empire Art, Literature, and Science The Neo-Babylonian (or Chaldean) Empire (625-560 b.c.e.) Destruction of Assyria (627-605 b.c.e.) Formation of the Neo-Babylonian and Median Empires The End of the Neo-Babylonian Empire Neo-Babylonian Culture Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon Commerce and Finance Scholarly Activity Debating the Evidence: The Emergence of Biblical Monotheism The Triumph of the Reform Movement Developments during the Babylonian Exile CHAPTER 11 The Achaemenid Persian Empire The Origins and Growth of the Achaemenid Empire The Fluorescence of the Lydian Kingdom (c. 685-547 b.c.e.) The Creation of the Persian Empire The Persian Empire at Its Height Crisis and Restoration Reorganization of the Empire Wars With the Greeks Persian Culture The King and Court The Persian Army The Religion of Zoroaster Persian Architecture and Art Judah During the Persian Period The Restoration of Judah Debating the Evidence: The Careers of Ezra and Nehemiah Religious Developments During the Persian Era The Latter Part of the Achaemenid Persian Empire The Continuation of Royal Power (424-330 b.c.e.) Conquest by Alexander the Great CHAPTER 12 The Legacy Of The Ancient Near East Food, Drink, and Animals Mathematics and Science Language and Literature Music, Art, and Architecture Religion and Speculative Thought Notes Glossary Chronological Chart Indexshow more