The Analysis of the English Sentence, with Supplement
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1899 edition. Excerpt: ...any way misleading. The Substantive Infinitive may, in the English language, take the position of a noun in almost any of its several constructions. It is used to express an idea of action by merely naming it, so far as the other parts of the sentence are concerned. With reference to: 1. The relation of the Substantive Infinitive to the other elements of the sentence, it is a pure noun, having the construction of a pure noun. 2. The relation of elements subordinate to itself, the Substantive Infinitive has a strong substantive construction, and may be modified as a noun, or it may be strong in its verbal nature, and so be modified as a verb. The Infinitive is not a verb, as it has not the power to assert. It may be called, in a broad sense, a "verbal," but that is a useless designation when the real significance of it is known. It has the attributive nature, but not the assertive power, of the verb. 1. Forms of the Substantive Infinitive.--The Substantive Infinitives, like the Participial Infinitives, are of three, may be of four, forms, namely: a. The ing-torms. b. The roo-forms. c. The ed-forms. d. The irregular-forms. 2. Uses of the Substantive Infinitive.--Substantive Infinitives are used in almost all the constructions in which nouns are used. a. As Subject of a sentence: 1. Erring is human. 2. To forgive is divine. b. As Nominative Attribute: 1. Seeing is believing. 2. To see is to believe. c. As Direct Object--1. I desire to learn. 2. Boys enjoy cycling. d. As the expression of the related idea in a Phrase-element--1. "What went ye out (for) to see?" 2. He strives for learning. e. As an Appositive Element--1. It is easy to master the lesson. 2. It is wise to study diligently. Note.--The above is not exhaustive, ...
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- 13 Sep 2013
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