Americanized Encyclopaedia Britannica; REV. and Amended a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, to Which Is Added Biographies of Living Subject

Americanized Encyclopaedia Britannica; REV. and Amended a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, to Which Is Added Biographies of Living Subject

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1890 edition. Excerpt: ...ordinance, now celebrated its greatest triumphs. It was only an apparent movement in the direction of liberty, if regulations which had become quite impossible were now modified or canceled. The most influential of the rabbins were indeed the least solicit1 us about the maintenance of what was old, ami had no hesitation in introducing numerous and thorough-going innovations; but the conservatives, R. Eliczer ben Hyrcanus and R. Islimael len Elisha were in truth more liberal-minded than the leaders of the party of progress, notably than R. Akiba. Even the Ultramontanes have never hesitated at departures from the usage of the ancient and mcdixval church; and the Pharisaic rabbins were guided in their innovations by liberal principles no more than they. The object of the new determinations was simply to widen the domain of the law in a consistent manner, to bring the individual entirely under the iron rule of system. But the Jewish communities gave willing obedience to the hierarchy of the rabbins; Judaism had to be maintained, cost what it might. That the means employed were well adapted to the purpose of maintaining the Jews as a firmly compacted religious community even after all bonds of nationality had fallen away cannot be doubted. Hut whether the attainment of this purpose by incredible exertion was a real blessing to themselves and the world may very well be disputed. One consequence of the process of intellectual isolation and of the effort to shape everything in accordance with hard and fast rules and doctrines was the systematization and codification of juristic and ritual tradition, a work with which a beginning was made in the century following the destruction of Jerusalem. Toward the end of the second century the Pharisaic doctrine of...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 828 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 42mm | 1,451g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236576780
  • 9781236576781