American Power and the Prospects for International Order

American Power and the Prospects for International Order

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Description

The turn of the century has seen the US greatly enhance its military supremacy across the world. It has also played a key role in shaping the international economic order. More recently, however, its world-wide economic domination has started to diminish as other regions and countries have become globally important players. Simon Bromley brings a fresh perspective to these issues, arguing that it is as yet unclear whether the US will be capable of rising to the challenges posed by the new world order. He carefully examines the intricacies of these debates including the American ideology of a liberal international order and the relation of this to the Bush doctrine; US power in the transatlantic arena and US-European integration in relation to the EU and NATO; and the geo-politics of oil. He looks at a range of challenges to US dominance, including the weakening of the dollar; the rapid growth and industrialization of Asia; and the strengths and weaknesses of Bush's foreign policy. This book is set to spark debate amongst students and scholars of international politics, as well as appealing to anyone interested in the changing shape of the international order.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 288 pages
  • 157.48 x 228.6 x 25.4mm | 498.95g
  • Polity Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1. Auflage
  • 0745642381
  • 9780745642383

Review quote

"A well-researched, multifaceted and insightful analysis of the sources and challenges to US supremacy. Particularly impressive is the way in which Bromley is able to explain complex economic theory in relatively easily understood terms, and at times to bridge the gap between economic and security based analyses of US power and international order in general." Australian Journal of Political Science "Walt Rostow's theory of modernization, in Bromley's view, supplemented the requirement of containing Soviet military power with the need to 'create forms of coordinated economic interdependence, based on the replication of the American model of capitalism in the rest of the capitalist world, from which many states could derive positive benefit'. Bromley elucidates this argument in an excellent first chapter and goes on to demonstrate how the neo-conservative foreign policy agenda both builds on this foundation and departs from it." Political Studies Quarterly "This is a good book and should be recommended in particular to those who think they already know everything about American foreign relations." Times Higher Education "Simon Bromley is one of the most knowledgeable, astute and sober analysts of the role of oil in the making of the American empire. This new book confirms this amidst a broader examination of the American strategy and ideology from the post-war era up to today." Leo Panitch, York University, Toronto "Simon Bromley has written an exceptional book, remarkable for its many insights, and the lucidity and balance of its judgements on the role the United States plays in the world and the complex nature of its power. Avoiding the oversimplifications and caricatures which bedevil this field, Bromley offers a compelling account of the enduring dilemmas which have shaped American policy towards the international order and the current challenges it faces. This book should be read by everyone interested in understanding contemporary world politics." Andrew Gamble, University of Cambridge "Simon Bromley has crafted an excellent and thought-provoking study of American power. He presents a robust defence of an American-led liberal international order that will need to be taken into account by all other writers on the subject. His argument that the US is a revolutionary power seeking to mould the world into its own image because of its declining economic power is a challenging one. Summing up and defending a liberal thesis, Bromley does something unusual (at least for a European scholar): he defends American power. Bromley's study should be widely read by political scientists, political economists, political historians, and international relations scholars and students." Inderjeet Parmar, University of Manchestershow more

About Simon Bromley

Simon Bromley is Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Studies at the Open University.show more

Back cover copy

The turn of the century has seen the US greatly enhance its military supremacy across the world. It has also played a key role in shaping the international economic order. More recently, however, its world-wide economic domination has started to diminish as other regions and countries have become globally important players. Simon Bromley brings a fresh perspective to these issues, arguing that it is as yet unclear whether the US will be capable of rising to the challenges posed by the new world order. He carefully examines the intricacies of these debates including the American ideology of a liberal international order and the relation of this to the Bush doctrine; US power in the transatlantic arena and US-European integration in relation to the EU and NATO; and the geo-politics of oil. He looks at a range of challenges to US dominance, including the weakening of the dollar; the rapid growth and industrialization of Asia; and the strengths and weaknesses of Bush's foreign policy. This book is set to spark debate amongst students and scholars of international politics, as well as appealing to anyone interested in the changing shape of the international order.show more

Table of contents

List of Tables and Figures vii Preface viii Introduction: The American Project for a Liberal International Order 1 1 The American Ideology: Modernization Theory and the Neo-Conservatives 8 Introduction 8 What Was Modernization Theory? 10 Containment and 'Development' 14 Modernization Theory and World Order 20 Modernity Is Not the 'End of History' 31 Modernization Theory, the Neo-Conservatives and the Bush Doctrine 37 Conclusions 50 2 America's Transatlantic Empire: Where in the World Is America? 52 Introduction 52 The American Empire 54 Imperialism 61 Anarchy, Rivalry and Interdependence 66 US Power and the Liberal Capitalist International Order 82 Conclusions 97 3 American Oil, World Oil: Resources, Confl icts, Control and Scarcity 101 Introduction 101 Reasons for War? 103 America's Oil, World Oil 106 OPEC and World Oil 115 The United States and Middle East Oil 118 Reshaping the Greater Middle East 122 The Role of Oil in the New Middle East Strategy 135 Carry on Driving? 143 Conclusions 148 4 American Power, the Future of the Dollar and the Challenge of China 149 Introduction 149 International Money 151 From Fixed to Floating Exchange Rates 160 Resurgent Asia 173 Containing China? 185 Conclusions 199 Conclusion: The Prospects for a Liberal International Order 202 Notes 211 Bibliography 226 Name Index 237 Subject Index 240show more

Review Text

"A well-researched, multifaceted and insightful analysis of the sources and challenges to US supremacy. Particularly impressive is the way in which Bromley is able to explain complex economic theory in relatively easily understood terms, and at times to bridge the gap between economic and security based analyses of US power and international order in general." Australian Journal of Political Science "Walt Rostow's theory of modernization, in Bromley's view, supplemented the requirement of containing Soviet military power with the need to 'create forms of coordinated economic interdependence, based on the replication of the American model of capitalism in the rest of the capitalist world, from which many states could derive positive benefit'. Bromley elucidates this argument in an excellent first chapter and goes on to demonstrate how the neo-conservative foreign policy agenda both builds on this foundation and departs from it." Political Studies Quarterly "This is a good book and should be recommended in particular to those who think they already know everything about American foreign relations." Times Higher Education "Simon Bromley is one of the most knowledgeable, astute and sober analysts of the role of oil in the making of the American empire. This new book confirms this amidst a broader examination of the American strategy and ideology from the post-war era up to today." Leo Panitch, York University, Toronto "Simon Bromley has written an exceptional book, remarkable for its many insights, and the lucidity and balance of its judgements on the role the United States plays in the world and the complex nature of its power. Avoiding the oversimplifications and caricatures which bedevil this field, Bromley offers a compelling account of the enduring dilemmas which have shaped American policy towards the international order and the current challenges it faces. This book should be read by everyone interested in understanding contemporary world politics." Andrew Gamble, University of Cambridge "Simon Bromley has crafted an excellent and thought-provoking study of American power. He presents a robust defence of an American-led liberal international order that will need to be taken into account by all other writers on the subject. His argument that the US is a revolutionary power seeking to mould the world into its own image because of its declining economic power is a challenging one. Summing up and defending a liberal thesis, Bromley does something unusual (at least for a European scholar): he defends American power. Bromley's study should be widely read by political scientists, political economists, political historians, and international relations scholars and students." Inderjeet Parmar, University of Manchestershow more

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