American Politics

American Politics : Core Argument/ Current Controversy

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This book helps readers become intelligent evaluators of American political dialogue by exposing them to high-quality classic and contemporary selections from presidents, philosophers, and political scientists and the great arguments of American politics. It shows readers how to 1) arrange--and rearrange--facts, 2) identify the core arguments of public affairs, 3) evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of various theories of American politics, and 4) apply those theories to current problems. Combining both core readings in political science and recent arguments on current controversies in each chapter, it shows the continuity of political debates over decades and centuries and encourages readers to come to their own conclusions while evaluating evidence and arguing over theory. The selections are excerpted/condensed for accessibility and chapter overviews and summaries place the readings in context and link the various arguments together. Features essays, excerpts, and speeches--classic, contemporary, and very recent readings--by presidents, philosophers, and political scientists on: The American Political Environment (Theories of American Government; Political Culture and Ideology; The Constitution and the Tradition of the Founders; The Tensions of Federalism); The Process of Democracy (Public Opinion and the Media; Political Parties; Interest Groups); Governmental Institutions (Congress; The Presidency; The Bureaucracy; The Judiciary); American Politics and Public Policy (Civil Rights and Liberties; Government and the Economy; America's International Relations). For anyone interested in American Government or more

Product details

  • Paperback | 504 pages
  • 177.8 x 233.7 x 22.9mm | 657.72g
  • Pearson
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 2nd edition
  • 0130879193
  • 9780130879196

Table of contents

1. Competing Theories of American Government. Core Readings. 1. Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville. 2. Class: America's Dirty Little Secret, Michael Parenti. 3. The Power Elite Now, Alan Wolfe. 4. The Irony of Democracy, Thomas R. Dye and Harmon Zeigler. 5. Who Governs?, Robert Dahl. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: Is Democracy a Better Way? 6. From Representative Democracy to Participatory Democracy, John Naisbitt. 7. Pitfalls of Direct Democracy, Daniel A. Smith. 2. Political Culture and Ideology: The Air We Breathe.Core Readings. 8. Government as a Contract, John Locke. 9. The Mayflower Compact. 10. Natural Liberalism, Louis Hartz. 11. The Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln. 12. Liberal Culture and Capitalist Society, Edward S. Greenberg. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: Divided We Stand: How Deep Do Our Differences Run? 13. The Culture War for the Soul of America, Patrick J. Buchanan. 14. The Negotiable and Non-Negotiable in Our Civic Conversation, W. King Mott. 3. The Constitution and Its Framers.Core Readings. 15. System of Politics, James Harrington. 16. Laws Establishing Political Liberty in a Constitution, Baron de Montesquieu. 17. Obliging the Government to Control Itself (Federalist No. 51), James Madison. 18. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, Charles Beard. 19. The Founding Fathers: A Reform Caucus in Action, John P. Roche. 20. A Reconsideration of the Framers' Intent, Martin Diamond. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: How Do We Best Achieve Constitutional Change? 21. Who Interprets? Judicial Review and “Departmentalism,” Bruce Peabody. 22. Recast Judicial Supremacy, Scott E. Gant. 4. The Tensions of Federalism.Core Readings. 23. We the States: Against a Consolidated National Government, Patrick Henry. 24. Federalist No. 39, James Madison. 25. An Incomplete National Government, Alexis de Tocqueville. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: Should the National Government Enforce Education Standards for Local Communities? 26. Washington Bureaucrats versus Community and Parental Values, Bob Schaffer. 27. Making the Grade: Federalism and National Education Reform, John A. Donnangelo II. 5. Public Opinion and the Media: Prologue to a Democratic Farce?Core Readings. 28. Why Online Polls Are Bunk, Chris Suellentrop. 29. The Disenchanted Man, Walter Lippman. 30. The Nattering Nabobs of Negativism, Spiro T. Agnew. 31. Perrier in the Newsroom, Jonathan Cohn. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: The Media: Friend, Foe, or Fake? 32. Culture of Fear, Barry Glassner. 33. Rush from Judgment: How the Media Lost Their Bearings, James Fallows. 6. Parties and Elections: The Crisis of Electoral Politics.Core Readings. 34. The Crisis of Electoral Politics, Martin P. Wattenberg. 35. Ballot Blocks: What Gets the Poor to the Polls?, David Callahan. 36. The Scourge of Parties, George Washington. 37. When Parties Lose, Who Wins?, Larry J. Sabato. 38. Inevitable Losers: The Problem of Presidential Selection, Albert R. Papa. 39. Selling Politicians Like Breakfast Cereal, Adlai E. Stevenson. 40. Money Can't Buy You Love, Tucker Carlson. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: Wither the Parties? 41. The Southern Captivity of The GOP, Christopher Caldwell. 42. Third Out: Why the Reform Party's Best Days Are Behind It, Sean Wilentz. 7. Interest Groups: Democratic Duty or the Devil's Work?Core Readings. 43. Federalist No. 10, James Madison. 44. The Scope and Bias of the Pressure System, E. E. Schattschneider. 45. Interest Group Liberalism, Theodore Lowi. 46. Political Snipers, Robert Dreyfuss. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: What Should Be Done About Campaign Finance? 47. Clean Elections: How To, Ellen Miller. 48. The Futile Quest for the Ideal Congressional Campaign Finance System, Bruce Larson. 8. Congress: A Question of Representation.Core Readings. 49. The Trusteeship Theory of Representation, Edmund Burke. 50. Perceptions of Constituency, Richard Fenno. 51. Congress: The Electoral Connection, David Mayhew. 52. Congress Against Itself, Roger Davidson and Walter Oleszek. 53. Congressional Government, Woodrow Wilson. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: The Dilemma of Congressional Leadership. 54. The Rise of The Public Speakership, Douglas B. Harris. 55. Newt's Legacy, David Frum. 9. The Presidency: A Question of Leadership.Core Readings. 56. Energy in the Executive (Federalist No. 70), Alexander Hamilton. 57. Lincoln Presidents, Buchanan Presidents and Taft Presidents, William Howard Taft. 58. Rating the Presidents, Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. 59. Leader or Clerk?, Richard Neustadt. 60. The Presidential Character, James David Barber. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: High Crimes and Misdemeanors? 61. For Impeachment, Gary L. McDowell. 62. Against Impeachment, Carl R. Sunstein and Laurence H. Tribe. 10. Bureaucracy: Responding to Whom?Core Readings. 63. The Liberal Principles of Decentralized Self-Government, Herbert Hoover. 64. The Jungle, Upton Sinclair. 65. Bureaucracy and Constitutionalism, Norton E. Long. 66. Bureaucracy and the American Regime, James Q. Wilson. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: Can We Run Government Like a Business? 67. Privatization and Public Control: Why Make Public Management More Businesslike?, Richard A. Loverd. 11. The Judiciary: A Question of Legitimacy.Core Readings. 68. The Least Dangerous Branch (Federalist No. 78), Alexander Hamilton. 69. The Judiciary's Power to Mold the Government, Brutus. 70. The Doctrine of Judicial Review, James Thayer. 71. Judicial Self-Restraint, John Roche. 72. The Vision of Our Time, William J. Brennan. 73. The Steel Seizure Case, William Rehnquist. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: How Political Must Judicial Appointments Be? 74. The Confirmation Mess, Stephen Carter. 75. The Political Court, Randall Kennedy. 12. Civil Rights and Liberties.Core Readings. 76. On Liberty, John Stuart Mill. 77. The Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom, Thomas Jefferson. 78. What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?, Frederick Douglass. 79. Uneasy Preferences: Affirmative Action, in Retrospect, Charles Fried. 80. Abortion Politics, Susan Estrich and Kathleen Sullivan. 81. Dishonoring the Boy Scouts, Larry P. Arnn. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: How Far Shall We Go to Deter Crime? 82. For the Right-to-Carry, Clifford Stearns. 83.  Privacy and Surveillance Technology: Do We Really Want the Police Seeing Through Our Clothing?, Thomas C. Weisert. 13. Government and the Economy.Core Readings. 84. Labor and Capital—Partners, John D. Rockefeller Jr. 85. Redefining the Contract, Franklin D. Roosevelt. 86. Secrets of the Temple, William Greider. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: How Much Should the Government Intervene in the Economy? 87. For Limiting the Ability to Tax, Pete Sessions. 88. Frayed-Collar Workers in Gold-Plated Times, Robert B. Reich. 89. A Modest Suggestion for Modest Government, Philip A. Mundo. 14. International Relations.Core Readings. 90. The Mischiefs of Foreign Intrigue—And the Impostures of Pretended Patriotism, George Washington. 91. The Monroe Doctrine, James Monroe. 92. War Message: To Vindicate the Principles of Peace, Woodrow Wilson. 93. Half Truths into the Frenzy of War, Robert M. La Follette. 94. Support Any Friend, Oppose Any Foe, John F. Kennedy. 95. False Hopes and Alluring Promises, Robert F. Kennedy. CURRENT CONTROVERSY: When, How, and for What Should the United States Intervene with Military Force? 96. Civil War in a Sovereign Nation, Kay Bailey Hutchison. 97. Never Again, Mary L. Landrieu. Appendices. Appendix I. The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America. Appendix II. Articles of Confederation. Appendix III. The Constitution of the United States. Appendix IV. Judicial Process and Federalism. Marbury v. Madison (1803). McCulloch v. Maryland (1819). Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. et al. v. Sawyer (1952). Appendix V. First Amendment. Schenck v. U. S. (1919). Texas v. Johnson (1989). Engel v. Vitale (1962). Lynch v. Donnelly (1984). Appendix VI. Criminal Justice. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963). Miranda v. Arizona (1966). Furman v. Georgia (1972). Appendix VII. Civil Rights. Brown v. Board of Education (1954). Craig v. Boren (1976). Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978). Appendix VIII. Privacy. Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). Roe v. Wade (1973). Boy Scouts of America et al. v. Dale (2000). Appendix IX. Competing Theories of American more