The American Naturalist Volume 5

The American Naturalist Volume 5

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1871 edition. Excerpt: ..., At Fire Island on the southern side of Long Island, Mr. S. I. Smith observed last August a species of worm (Heteronereis) of a reddish color and two or three inches long, swimming in large numbers at and near the surface. These were at that time the favorite food of the Blue-fish (Temnodon saltator). Many other Crustacea of our coast afford similar instances. Palamon vulgaris by its transparency and peculiar tints is scarcely distinguishable among eel-grass; Idotaa irrorala imitates in all its varied patterns of color the eel-grass and sea-weeds on which it lives; /. circa imitates the color of sand; two species allied to Spharroma imitate the colors of the rocks and white barnacles among which they live; Crangon boreat of the northern coast, imitates the colors of the red Nnllipores among which it seeks concealment, as do also several species of HippolyU, Chiton ruber and C. marmoreus, Ophiopholis aeuleata and Ophioglypha robuita. Numerous other instances might be given. At Eastport, Me., and Grand Menan during several years past, I have made many observations on this subject, but mostly relating to fishes of which the habits are better known, like the cod, hake, haddock, etc. The Wolf-fish (Anarrhicas vomerinus) is not at all particular as to its food. At Eastport I took from the stomach of a large one at least four quarts of the common round sea-urchin (Euryechimt Drobachiensis V.), most of them with the spines on, and many of them quite entire. From another, I took an equal quantity of a mixture of the same sea-urchin and the large whelk (Buccinum undulatum). Many of the latter were entire or but slightly cracked. The Sculpins not unfrequently swallow entire large specimens of several crabs (Cancer irroratus, Hyas coarctatus, etc.). The...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 332 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 18mm | 594g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236594738
  • 9781236594730