Excerpt from American Men of Science: A Biographical Directory
His biographical directory of American Men of Science was begun as a manuscript reference list for the Carnegie Institution of Washington, which made an appro priation of toward the clerical and office expenses. It is hoped that the publica tion will be a contribution to the organization of science in America. There is here given for the first time a fairly complete survey of the scientific activity of a country at a given period. As a reference book for the field it covers, it may be even more useful in academic circles than Minerva or Who's Who in America. But the chief service it should render is to make men of science acquainted with one another and with one another's work. There scarcely exists among scientific men the recognition of common interest and the spirit of cooperation which would help to give science the place it should have in the community. It is fully as important for the nation as for men of science that scientific work should be adequately recognized and supported. We are consequently in the fortunate position of knowing that whatever we do to promote our own interests is at the same time a service to the community and to the world.
There are included in the directory the records of more than four thousand men of science, and it is believed that the entries are tolerably complete for those in North America who have carried on research work in the natural and exact sciences. Some are admitted who are supposed to have advanced science by teaching, by administrative work, or by the preparation of text-books and compilations. There are also some whose work has been chieﬂy in engineering, medicine or other applied sciences, and a few whose work is in education, economics or other subjects not commonly included under the exact and natural sciences. But the book does not profess to cover these fields. The names are included because they are supposed to represent work that has contributed to the advancement of pure science - the term being used in the narrower sense - or because they are found in the membership lists of certain national societies. All the members of the following societies who filled in the blank sent them are included: The National Academy of Sciences, fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Society of Naturalists, the Association of American Anatomists, the As sociation of American Geographers, the Association of American Physicians, the Ameri can Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists, the Astronomical and Astrophysical Society of America, the Botanical Society of America, the Geological Society of America, the American Mathematical Society, fellows of the American Ornithologists' Union, the American Philosophical Association, the American Physical Society, the American Physi ological Society, the American Psychological Association, the American Society of Bac teriologists, the Society for the Promotion of Agricultural Science, the Society for Experi mental Biology and Medicine, the Society of Horticultural Science, the Society for Plant Morphology and Physiology, and the American Society of Zoologists.
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