American Journal of Philology Volume 1-10

American Journal of Philology Volume 1-10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1889 edition. Excerpt: ...which seem Jo promise important results. Before suggesting one or two efforts in this line, I should like to add one or two points in which the theory as it stands appears to elucidate questions in verbal morphology hitherto dark. The unthematic verbal-stems given by Brugmann (Handb. 113 sq.) as Cl. i, b and c, viz. svdpimi Kpta/iai, and vati afoi, seem to represent in different ways dissyllabic roots of the type gene. A root of this kind when accented on the first syllable before a person-suffix would produce the type gena-t; when accented on the second, gne-t. With the heavy suffixes the ordinary abstufung would produce from both the type gn-mtfs; this appears regularly in the first type, cf. Skt. brdvimi: brumds. The absence of abstufung in the second type--vdlds "iffvn eyvopev--might of course be explained by levelling in the I. E., but this is very unlikely in view of the persistency with which the ordinary root-class exhibits weak forms. More probably the forms belong to different periods. Before the " tonlos tiefstufe " was produced there was still a trace of the vowel of the first syllable left, which allowed the long vowel to remain unchanged while the heavy suffix was added. This remained in the final period just as the long of perfect forms, seditps, etc., remained untouched, through being hysterogenous. However this may be, one thing seems clear, that long vowels in the second syllable of roots where a previous syllable's vowel is lost do not suffer abstufung like the long vowels of monosyllabic roots. Evidence for the longer root-type exists in almost all verbs of this class: witness jdniman-, yvanos, -yvrp-os, j gene; E. ken, fyvuv, Vgeno; piparmi, TR/nrAi, V' pele ', vatds ufrjfifv, f aite, etc. Another example of these roots...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 238 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 13mm | 431g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236677846
  • 9781236677846