The American Jail

The American Jail : Cornerstone of Modern Corrections

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This is a book about the local jail-how it developed, how they work, and what jail staffs are doing to protect the public and keep inmates safely confined. Written from a practitioner's point of view, its goal is to give the reader a realistic view of this often overlooked institution. Critical issues such as the traits of offenders, the climate, and security are discussed, as well as the main operations of the jail such as booking and classification. Insights from those within (staff and inmates) reinforce the book's real world perspective and current statistics and research document the development and operation of local jails.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 504 pages
  • 203.2 x 251.46 x 20.32mm | 861.82g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Prentice Hall
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • 0131142801
  • 9780131142800

About Gary F. Cornelius

Lt. Gary F. Cornelius served the field of corrections in the Fairfax County Sheriff's Office from 1978 until his retirement in 2005. He has more than 30 years of experience in law enforcement and corrections. He has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Sciences from Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, class of 1974, and is a former officer of the Uniformed Division of the US Secret Service. In his correctional career, Gary has worked in many areas of jail operations, and retired as the Classification Supervisor of the Fairfax County Adult Detention Center. Lt. Cornelius also teaches punishment and corrections, community corrections, and jails at George Mason University, and has been an adjunct faculty member there since 1986. He has taught many seminars on various subjects in corrections. For 20 years he was a certified trainer for the Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services. He serves as an adjunct instructor for four Virginia criminal justice training academies. Gary is active as a trainer and consultant for the National Institute of Justice, the American Jail Association, the American Correctional Association, and the International Association of Correctional Training Personnel (IACTP). In 1997, he was elected to the IACTP Board and represented local corrections training. He is an author, and has written more than 40 articles on corrections, including a quarterly column,now a book, called The Twenty Minute Trainer, for the IACTP's The Correctional Trainer, which is available from ACA and LRPPublications. He is on the Board of Advisors of The Corrections Professional from LRP Publications. He has written other books: Stressed Out: Living and Working with Stress in Corrections andJails in America: An Overview of Issues, 2nd Edition, both of which are available from the American Correctional Association. He has served as a consultant on the National Institute of Justice report: Addressing Correctional Officer Stress: Programs and Strategies, an Issues and Practices Report. In 2001, Carolina Academic Press published Lt. Cornelius' work, The Correctional Officer: A Practical Guide. Also in 2001, the American Correctional Association published Lt. Cornelius' latest work, The Art of the Con: Avoiding Offender Manipulation, which received the 2002 APEX Award. The second edition of Stressed Out was published by ACA in August, 2005. Gary received the IACTP Board of Directors Award of Excellence in Correctional Training in 1995. He was included in the 1992-93 edition of Who's Who Among Human Service Professionals, and in 2001 was named to America's Registry of Outstanding Professionals. In 2004, Lt. Cornelius received the President's Award from the International Association of Correctional Training Personnel for his writing and contributions to The Correctional Trainer. In April, 2005 the George Mason University Administration of Justice Program awarded Lt. Cornelius its Instructor Appreciation Award for 2004-2005. In May, 2005, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania presented him with a Distinguished Alumni Award in Social Science. He is a native of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and resides in Williamsburg, Virginia. CLASSES FOR CORRECTIONAL STAFF Instructed by Gary F. Cornelius Offender Manipulation Prevention Stress Management Seminar Cultural Diversity Seminar Reading the Institutional Climate: Avoiding Security Disruptions Legal Rights of Inmates Suicide Prevention Ethics and Professionalism in Corrections Working with Difficult Employees Time Management Documenting Critical Incidents in the Jail Gary can be reached at 571-233-0912 (cell), 757-645-3441 or at ADJinstructor@aol.com.show more

Review quote

http://www.corrections.com/news/article/18847 ANOTHER REVIEW: THE AMERICAN JAIL CORNERSTONE OF MODERN CORRECTIONS Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008 by 1st Lt. Gary F. Cornelius (Retired) FairfaxCountyOffice of the Sheriff (VA) Adjunct Faculty: George Mason University Administration of Justice Program Co Founder: ETC Consultants, LLC: Education and Training in Corrections This book provides a compressive historical perspective on jails in America. The book is one that provides an evolutionary and informational view of how local jails developed in this country, the mission of the local jail as it pertains to criminal justice, public safety and the safety of inmates, as well as current status of jails and the future of the American jail. The American Jail: Cornerstone of Modern Corrections is organized in a manner that makes it useful for criminal justice students just learning about America's jails or for the reader who is also a practitioner. The author retired from corrections after working in a local jail for over 27 years, is a trainer at several criminal justice academies, an author of several books on corrections and has taught criminal justice courses-including courses on local jails and community corrections, for over 20 years. He is very familiar with in service training, teaching at the undergraduate college level and the needs of both college students and corrections personnel. The usefulness of this book lies in the statistical data, research findings, programming information, operational information and the views that are offered by practitioners. It is the combination of the above that makes this such a valuable and unique text. This text would be of value for any college course on jails. Students will find this a practical text that is easy to read with references that will support their course of study. As an adjunct instructor this is a text that I would definitely choose for my students. Specifically, the book starts with the historical perspective that provides the necessary foundation for understanding the evolution of the American jail. Within the first chapter the reader is presented with details regarding the growth of the jail population and the impact on the physical structure of jails. For the reader who is not familiar with terms such as linear, podular and direct supervision, the author has included historical photos as well as current photos of different jails both inside and out. These illustrations help the support the reader as he or she gains perspective and understanding on the changes that have occurred over time. For the college instructor and the training officer the text is laid out in a systematic manner with chapter objectives, highlights, points of view written by practitioners (one point of view was written by a former inmate), review questions, terms to know, end notes and a lengthy glossary at the end of the book. This text is clearly written by a practitioner from both the field of corrections and higher education. The combination of this experience has resulted in a text that is useful in both environments providing an accurate detailed account of the American Jail. Reviewed by Kathleen Mickle-Askin, MC, Director of Training, Delaware Department of Correction. Ms. Mickle-Askin is the 2007-2008 President of the International Association of Correctional Training Personnel and also has taught as an adjunct instructor at Delaware Technical and Community College, Wilmington University and the University of Delaware. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- From: Ed Wolahan, Correctional Program Specialist Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons, National Institute of Corrections Sub: The American Jail: Cornerstone of Modern Corrections: By Gary F. Cornelius The following is a review of the book, The American Jail, Cornerstone of Modern Corrections: It is my belief that this book could serve as an excellent resource as a manual for training new jail staff in understanding how jails in the United States serve in an important role in the criminal justice system. It begins with the history and development of the American Jail and how they evolved in the United States. The twelve chapters outline every important factor of the jail system and how each works in the development and operation of a well run, modern jail. Each chapter, from Jail Security to The Future of the America Jail contains a feature called "Point of View" written by either a person who lives and breathes jail work every day or an academic person who has researched the American Jail and how it functions. These additions add to the credibility of the information in each chapter. I also like how the publisher high- lighted each of the Points of View to show the reader that extensive research was conducted for each chapter and it is not just the author's point of view. Illustrations throughout the book help new correctional officers or students in a criminal justice education program understand what it is like inside an American jail from the beginning to today. They also show how jails have changed and why these changes are so important. Examples of forms and reports will help the correctional officer, either a new officer or "rookie" or a seasoned officer understand different forms and operations from other agencies. They could also compare them to their institutions as to how and why the forms are used and how other forms and reports are put together from other jails. It also shows the importance of documentation such as the incident report and the necessity of all the facts that happen and put in order of who, what, when, where, why, how and action taken. It also is important that both the spelling and grammar are correct because this incident report could end up in a court of law. Each chapter also has a summary which gives a brief overview of the chapter. Review questions at the end of each chapter enhance the learning experience of the student and/or the participant in the training program/course. These could also be used by a professional trainer or teacher as pre and post test questions for each module. The "Terms to Know" feature at the end of each chapter helps the correctional officer and student comprehend the jail language and operational terms. All terms are defined in an extensive Glossary at the end of the text. In summation, I feel that The American Jail is an excellent reference manual that could be used in a training class to develop new correctional officers assigned to work in a jail setting and also for students attending a college course on jails. It clearly shows how the jail works, and how important it is to the community in keeping the staff and public safe and the inmates safely confined. It also gives an overview of the future of the jails in the United States. I would recommend this book be used as a training manual for anyone entering law enforcement either as a police officer or a correctional officer working within the jail environment. I also recommend it for anyone who is interested in learning more about jails. Review The American Jail: Cornerstone of Modern Corrections Despite the fact that nearly every county and large city in America has long had a jail, jails remain a mystery to a vast majority of citizens. Even for many students of criminal justice and practitioners working within and beyond the walls, the operations of our jails are difficult to grasp. The American Jail - Cornerstone of Modern Corrections by Gary F. Cornelius succeeds in unraveling the mysteries for the reader by sorting fact from fiction in a straightforward and organized manner. The reader does not get lost, confused or overwhelmed by all the information. Though there may never be a single source that covers all there is to know about jails and though it cannot replace years of correctional experience, a well researched, reliable source of information jump starts the process of learning what American jails are all about. The American Jail pulls theory and practice together so the reader has a real understanding of both, and it provides a comprehensive, quick study. Starting with jail history and development and closing with the future of the American jail, this book presents a wealth of information in clear and concise text. Presenting new information in a way that promotes understanding is the acid test for any non-fiction writing, and this book by Mr. Cornelius will surely pass the test for any reader interested in the subject of the American jail. I have over thirty years in this business, and I found the book both helpful and informative. A copy is now among my office collection. Warden George Hardinger Carroll County (Maryland) Detention Centershow more

Back cover copy

From: Ed Wolahan, Correctional Program Specialist Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons, National Institute of Corrections Sub: The American Jail: Cornerstone of Modern Corrections: By Gary F. Cornelius The following is a review of the book, The American Jail, Cornerstone of Modern Corrections: It is my belief that this book could serve as an excellent recourse for a manual in training new jail staff in understanding how jails in the United States serves an important role in the Criminal Justice System. It starts out with the History and Development of the American Jail and how the by understanding the history it shows the development of Jails in the United States. The twelve chapters outline every important factor of the Jail System and how each works with the development of a well run jail. Each chapter, from Jail Security to The Future of the America Jail has Points of View by either a person who lives and breathes it every day or an academic person who has researched the American Jail and how it functions within the United States. These additions add to the credibility of the information in each chapter. I also like how the publisher high- lighted each of the points of view to show the reader that tons of research was completed for each chapter and it is not just the author's point of view. Pictures throughout the book help a new correctional officer or a student in the criminal justice program understand what it is like inside an American Jail from the beginning to today. It shows how it has changed and why it is so important to make those changes. Examples of forms and reports will help the correctional officer, either a new officer, rookie, or a seasoned officer could learn from the different forms from other agencies. One could compare how the form is used and why in their institution and how other forms and reports are put together from other jails. It also shows how important reports such as the incident report needs to have all the facts that happened and put in order of when, where, why, how and action taken. It also is important that the spelling and grammar are correct because this incident report could end up in a court of law. Each chapter also has a summary which gives a brief overview of the chapters. Review questions at the end of each chapter will help the student and/or the participant in the training program. These could also be used by a professional trainer as a pre and post test for each module. Terms to know at the end of each chapter will help the correctional officer know the jail language and the operational terms. In summation, I feel that The American Jail is an excellent reference manual that could be used in a training class to develop new Correctional officers assigned to work in a jail setting. It shows how the jail works, and how important it is to the community whereby keeping the public safe and inmates safely confined. I t also gives an overview of what is the future of the jail's in the United States. I would recommend this book be used as a training manual for anyone entering law enforcement either as a police officer or one works within the jail environment. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- THE AMERICAN JAIL Cornerstone of Modern Corrections By Gary F. Cornelius Prentice Hall. 504 pp. What is the American jail? Who are its inhabitants? How does that world behind bars truly function? Thanks in large part to movies, prime time television and twenty-four hour news, it's hard to go about daily life in the United States without broaching the subject of corrections. In "The American Jail: Cornerstone of Modern Corrections," Gary F. Cornelius sets out to give his reader "whether he or she is a jail officer in training or a criminal justice student in college, a realistic view of the world of the local jail." Drawing upon his twenty-seven years of working in jails, Cornelius constructs a textbook which provides an incredible wealth of information regarding the history, operations and future of the American jail. Because it is written from the perspective of a practitioner, the book provides a unique contribution to the criminal justice and corrections field. The book is organized into twelve chapters, covering topics such as jail history, social climate, inmate classification, staff, and the future of the American jail. Each chapter begins with a set of learning objectives and then proceeds into the meat of the text. At the end of each chapter, the author presents a set of review questions and a list of important terms which themselves appear in bold in the text. Also included in each chapter is an essay aptly titled, "Point of View." These essays are each written by an individual with experience in corrections and provide opinions and information that is relevant to the information presented in the chapter. Cornelius intends for this book to serve as an informative source for both college students and correctional staff in training and in that end he succeeds. Its chapters are well-organized, with clearly laid out objectives, intelligent chapter sections and where appropriate, pictures, diagrams and even photocopies of documents used in jails. The overall visual presentation makes the information easy to digest and provides would-be instructors with information that is already tailored towards a syllabus. University students and professors may find the later chapters on jail standards, community corrections, and the future of the American jail to be most interesting and thought-provoking for class discussion. These focus on issues related to current criminal justice policy and the evolution of future advances in the field. Officers in training will likely get the most out of the middle chapters covering climate, programs and staff. Such sections also include examples of real-life incidents that add credence to the information presented. While the book presents information valuable to both trainees and students, the book in its entirety may be too much for either party to consume. For example, students may be overwhelmed with the amount and specificity of procedural information, in particular one instance about the different types and purposes of keys. And trainees may not find many of the review questions particularly helpful. They will find greater value in parts of the text which cover procedure and purpose. Of course, the procedure outlined in the text is of course intended to serve as a supplement to training, not in place of it. Because college students and correctional staff are vastly different in purpose and demographic, it would be impossible for any text to be perfectly suited for both at once. Students and trainees would benefit from the "Point of View" essays as they give students a glimpse into a world they may not ever come into contact with and provide insight from practitioners themselves. However, instructors should navigate the book and determine which sections best suit their learning interests and how they should be used. "The American Jail" is inspired in its depth, unique in its perspective, and used wisely, a formidable learning tool. Christopher Dum is a Doctoral Student in the Criminal Justice program at the University at Albany.show more

Table of contents

I. The History and Development of Today's Jail II. Jail Security III. Jail Climate IV. Booking and Initial Intake V. Classification and Inmate Housing VI. Jail Programs and Services VII. The Jail Population: Profile and Special Categories VIII. Jail Staff IX. Jails and the Courts X. Jail Standards XI. Jails and Community Corrections XII. The Future of the American Jail Glossary Indexshow more

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