American Geography and Geographers

American Geography and Geographers : Toward Geographical Science

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The rise of American geography as a distinctive science in the United States straddles the 19th and 20th centuries, extending from the post-Civil war period to 1970. American Geography and Geographers: Toward Geographic Science is the first book to thoroughly and richly explicate this history. Its author, Geoffrey J. Martin, the foremost historian on the subject and official archivist of the Association of American Geographers, amassed a wealth of primary sources from archives worldwide, which enable him to chart the evolution of American geography with unprecedented detail and context. From the initial influence of the German school to the emergence of Geography as a unique discipline in American universities and thereafter, Martin clarifies the what, how and when of each advancement. Expansive discussion of the arguments made, controversies ignited and research voyages move hand in hand with the principals who originated and animated them: Davis, Jefferson, Huntington, Bowman, Johnson,, Sauer, Hartshorne, and many more.
From their grasp of local, regional, global and cultural phenomena, geographers also played pivotal roles in world historical events, including the two world wars and their treaties, as the US became the dominant global power. American Geography and Geographers: Toward Geographical Science is a conclusive study of the birth and maturation of the science. It will be of interest to geographers, teachers and students of geography, and all those compelled by the story of American Geography and those who founded and developed it.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 1240 pages
  • 160 x 236 x 62mm | 1,679.97g
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • with 80 illustrations
  • 019533602X
  • 9780195336023
  • 2,168,867

Table of contents

Table of Contents ; Illustrations ; Preface ; Acknowledgements ; Abbreviations for Archival Sources ; American and German Geography circa 1820's to 1919 ; Geography and the American Normal School ; Toward the Emergence of Geography in the Universities ; The Physiographic Provinces ; The Study of Geographical Regions ; Commercial and Economic Geography ; Environmentalism and Its Varieties ; The Quest for Definition c. 1870-1919 ; World War I: Geographers and the Path to War ; World War I: Geographers and the Path to Peace ; The Millionth Map of Hispanic America ; The Science of Settlement: Studies of the Pioneer Fringe ; The Ecological Tradition in American Geography: A Perspective ; The Emergence of a Political Geography ; The Nature of Geography and Perspective on the Nature of Geography ; Geography, Geographers, and World War II ; The AAG and the ASPG: Schism and Rapprochement ; The Quest for Definition Continued c. 1920-1970 ; Envoi ; Appendix ; Earliest Known (U.S.) College/University Courses of Their Kind ; Index of Names ; Index of Subjects
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Review quote

I found this book fascinating for a number of reasons. First, it portrays a geography, or a range of geographies, up to the 1960s when I undertook my undergraduate geography studies. Whilst I was then introduced to a range of geographers, many writings were indeed from United States geographers. The reading of this book reacquainted me with many of these geographers and added to my understanding of the nature and contexts of their approaches to geography. This book
has also put in context many changes that have occurred to geography after the 1960s and which are, arguably, a reaction to the often very different geographies from the first half of the twentieth century. * Geoffrey Paterson South Caulfield, Victoria * Geoffrey Martin has been a contributor to the history of American geography for more than half a century. Beginning with a trilogy of works on William Morris Davis' most important students, Martin's work has consistently informed our understanding of that history. Martin's publications are grounded in his unrivalled knowledge of the germane manuscript sources both in the U.S. and abroad. In this volume he traces the rise of American professional geography in the
context both of its American roots and of contemporary developments in Britain and Europe. This landmark study will be a resource for teachers and students of the discipline for years to come, and an important first reference for scholars seeking to expand the breadth and depth of the field. * William A. Koelsch, Emeritus Professor of History and Geography, Graduate School of Geography, Clark University * ...a monumental and magisterial work, exhaustively researched and documented, judiciously presented and extremely important as evidence of the foundation from which the discipline arose and evolved. Like Hartshorne's Nature of Geography many decades ago, this will become a milestone in the record of the field, and it will engender productive debate for decades to come. * Harm De Blij, John A. Hannah Professor Geography, Michigan State University * ...unparalleled in the scope and depth of its research and in its meticulous exposition of the evolution of geography in the United States through the 1970s. Basing the volume on archival materials, Geoffrey Martin masterfully explains not only what American geographers did, but also why they chose the paths they took. The letters upon which the volume relies enable Martin to enter the minds of our predecessors in ways that histories based on secondary sources
cannot. By tracing interpersonal connections among domestic geographers, and with overseas colleagues (especially in Germany and France), Martin sheds new light on the intellectual and structural foundations of American geography. American Geography and Geographers is a landmark volume that will be read by
all who aspire to understand American geography's present and its future. * Ronald F. Abler, Immediate Past President, International Geographical Union * This encyclopaedic work is the product of a lifetime's archival research and reflection on the emergence in the US of geography as a modern university discipline. This book takes its place immediately as the most comprehensive analysis of a national tradition of geographical enquiry in the English language and an indispensable work of historical reference. * Robert J. Mayhew, Times Higher Education Supplement, 'What Are You Reading?' *
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About Geoffrey J. Martin

Geoffrey J. Martin is the foremost historian of American Geography and official archivist of the Association of American Geographers, a position he has held for nearly 30 years. He holds these academic distinctions: Connecticut State University Professor, Distinguished Professor, and Professor Emeritus, Southern Connecticut State University. Professional awards include "Honors " and recipient of the J.K. Wright Award, both given by the Association of American
Geographers. He has been a Yale Visiting Scholar, and Association of American Geographers Regional Councilor, Visiting Scientist GDR, and has given seminars and addresses at more than 30 major universities in the US, UK, Denmark, the former East Germany, India, Japan, Serbia, and Sweden. His previous book
with OUP, All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas, has been translated into Russian, Chinese, Malaysian and Hindi throughout its four editions.
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