The American Cyclopaedia; A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge Volume 3

The American Cyclopaedia; A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1873 edition. Excerpt: ...(abhi, over, upon, and dharma) constitutes Buddhistic metaphysics, and is derived indirectly from Sakyainuni. The southern Buddhists say, "Sutras are for men, Vinaya for priests, Abhidharma for gods." There are bnt two sources of knowledge: sensual perception and logical deduction. There are two principal philosophic schools: 1, that of the Vaibhdshikas, or dilemmists, who maintain the necessity of immediate contact with the object to be known; 2, that of the Sautrantikas, who insist on perception and on deduction therefrom. Some among the former reject the existence of the world. Buddhistic logic is exceedingly contradictory. Each determination ends in naught. To be is said also not to be. A common formula of arguing is this: "A thing is and is not, and it neither is nor is not." The method is purely dogmatic and dialectic, proceeding with stereotyped categories and formulas. Philosophy, cosmology, and theology are an ever-turning wheel without any locomotion. In general, the wheel and water bubble are the constant emblems and symbols of Buddhistic reasoning, which is most developed in the theory of the "great passage." Matter is merely a product of morality. Some schools count five elements, with as many qualities and senses; some have six, viz.: earth, hard, nose; water, wet, tongue; fire, hot, eye; air, movable, skin; ether, audible, ear. To these is added the Manas, or common sensorium, whose objects are the Dharma (law, being, nature, matter) and the Vijndna (science, conscience). Some systems admit a specific soul or sef(Jiva Atman, Upadhi); others deny it. It is needless to enter into further details, and we conclude with a list of the following chain of 12 causes (Kiddnas: ni, in, on; dd, to give): ...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 716 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 36mm | 1,256g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236803159
  • 9781236803153