The American Cyclopaedia; A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge Volume 1
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1873 edition. Excerpt: ... be propitiated. The idea of sacrifice was apparently universal, and animals and human beings were offered, the former as substitutes for the latter. Cannibalism, except where impelled by necessity, was apparently connected with religious ideas. Being firm believers in the power of evil spirits, they ascribed disease and defeat to their malign influence; and tho medicine men, who were supposed to counteract these, were resorted to in sickness, and when starting on the war path, tho hunt, or long and perilous journeys by land or water. Dreams exercised a great influenco j over them, and may be considered a part of their religious system. They regarded them as manifestations of cravings of the soul, the non-gratification of which would be atJ tended with serious injury to the wholo man.! Tribes were divided into clans, and as a rulo no man could marry in his own clan, and tho children followed the clan of the mother. The scheme of relationship was curious and complex. Woman was in a degraded state. She did all the work except war and hunting. She tilled the earth, and bore all burdens. Parturition was attended with little pain. Cooking was simple, and without seasoning. Baking was done in holes in the ground, and water was boiled by throwing heated stones into it. i The common plan was to roast over the fire.! Corn was parched, and was the food used i whilo travelling, being often hidden in holes j marked so as to be recognized. Some diseases; introduced by the whites, such as smallpox, j and alcoholic drink, have been singularly destructive and fatal. Disease was left to charlatans and superstitious treatment. The use of vapor baths was perhaps the most general and effective remedy. They employed as ometI ics thorough wort, spurge, and...
- 189 x 246 x 38mm | 1,324g
- 13 Sep 2013
- United States
- black & white illustrations