Altruism and Aggression

Altruism and Aggression : Social and Biological Origins

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In this timely collection, biological and behavioral scientists address questions emerging from new research about the origins and interconnections of altruism and aggression within and across species. They explore the genetic underpinnings of affiliative and aggressive orientations as well as the biological correlates of these behaviors. They consider environmental variables - family patterns, child rearing practices - that influence prosocial and antisocial behaviors. And they examine internal processes such as empathy, socio-inferential abilities, and cognitive attributions, that regulate 'kindness' and 'selfishness'. The first section focuses on biological, sociobiological, and ethological approaches. It explores the utility of animal models for understanding both human and infrahuman social behavior. The second section focuses on the development, socialization, and mediation of altruism and aggression in children. Several concerns underly both sections. These include the role of attachment processes, separation distress, reciprocal interchanges, and social play in determining the quantity and quality of aggressive and affiliative interactions; the function of emotions (e.g. empathy, guilt, and anger) as instigators of altruism and aggression; and the nature of sex differences. Several chapters present data on emotions that mediate altruism and aggression and also on patterns of association between prosocial and antisocial behaviors. The authors take an ethological perspective, placing special importance on the need to explore altruism and aggression in the real lives and natural habitats of humans and other more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 1139241923
  • 9781139241922

Table of contents

List of contributors, Editorial preface; Introduction; Part I. Biological, sociobiological, and ethological approaches to the stud of altruism and aggression: 1. The psychobiology of prosocial behaviors: separation distress, play, and altruism Jaak Panksepp; 2. An evolutionary and developmental perspective on aggressive patterns Robert B. Cairns; 3. Development in reciprocity through friendship James Youniss; 4. The prosocial and antisocial functions of preschool aggression: an ethological study of triadic conflict among young children F. F. Strayer and J. M. Noel; Part II. Development, socialization, and mediators of altruism and aggression in children: 5. A conception of the determinants and development of altruism and aggression: motives, the self, and the environment Ervin Staub; 6. Early organization of altruism and aggression: developmental patterns and individual differences E. Mark Cummings, Barbara Hollenbeck, Ronald Iannotti, Marian Radke-Yarrow, and Carolyn Zahn-Waxler; 7. Aggression and altruism: a personality perspective Seymour Feshbach and Norma Deitch Feshbach; 8. The socialization of prosocial behavior: theory and reality Joan E. Grusec and Theodore Dix; 9. Social-interactional patterns in families of abused and nonabused children John B. Reid; 10. Naturalistic observation of cooperation, helping, and sharing and their associations with empathy and affect Robert F. Marcus; 11. Social information-processing variables in the development of aggression and altruism in children Kenneth A. Dodge; Conclusions; more

Review quote

"...likely to be of considerable interest both to researchers working in relevant areas and to scientists and students from other disciplines..." Science "Among the many merits in this book is the diversity of the psychological approaches represented, and these are admirably brought together..." Contemporary Psychology "...the approaches and research strategies described in this book are the waves of the future..." New England Journal of Medicineshow more