Air-Surface Exchange of Gases and Particles (2000)

Air-Surface Exchange of Gases and Particles (2000) : Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Air-Surface Exchange of Gases and Particles, Edinburgh, 3-7 July 2000

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Description

This special Issue of Water, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus provides original con- tributions from The Sixth International Conference on Air-Surface Exchange of Gases and Particles, held in Edinburgh between 3 and 7 July 2000. The first 5 conferences in this series, all in the U. S. A. , focussed on the underlying processes of removal of trace gases and aerosols from the atmosphere, including many of the major air pollutants. In maintaining this focus from the outset in 1970 the conference series has described the development of understanding of major parts of the Acid Deposition story, and the processes of removal of radioactive aer- osols and gases from the atmosphere. More recently, the range of compounds included in surface-atmosphere exchange research has expanded as the role of deposition and emission has been recognized as a key component of a much larger range of environmental issues. It is timely that the venue of the meeting has also moved, reflecting the increasingly international collaboration developed to study environmental problems that are, for the most part trans-boundary issues. It is 10 years since the last conference in this series, in Richland Washington, U. S.
A. and the subject has developed considerably in the decade, both in the cur- rent focus, which has moved away from sulphur compounds and towards nitrogen, and in the application of new methods and models.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 464 pages
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 0792371364
  • 9780792371366

Table of contents

Preface and Acknowledgements.- I: Sulphur and Dry Deposition Monitoring and Modelling.- Effects of Soil Moisture Variations on Deposition Velocities above Vegetation.- Dry Deposition Monitoring in Europe.- Correction Factors for Covariance between Concentration and Deposition Velocity on CASTNet HNO3 Deposition Estimates.- The Control of SO2 Dry Deposition on to Natural Surfaces by NH3 and its Effects on Regional Deposition.- Deposition Velocities of SO2 and O3 over Agricultural and Forest Ecosystems.- Using Meteorological Model Output as a Surrogate for On-Site Observations to Predict Deposition Velocity.- Evaluation and Improvement of a Dry Deposition Model Using SO2 and O3 Measurements over a Mixed Forest.- II: Oxidised Nitrogen.- Air-Soil Exchange of NO, NO2 and O3 in Forests.- Winter and Spring Thaw Measurements of N2O, NO and NOx Fluxes using a Micrometeorological Method.- Implications of Heterogeneous Chemistry of Nitric Acid for Nitrogen Deposition to Marine Ecosystems: Observations and Modeling.- Spatially Disaggregated Inventories of Soil NO and N2O Emissions for Great Britain.- Production and Consumption of NO in Forest and Pasture Soils from the Amazon Basin.- III: Reduced Nitrogen.- Monitoring and Modelling of Ammonia Concentrations and Deposition in Agricultural Areas of the Netherlands.- A New Diffusion Denuder System for Long-Term, Regional Monitoring of Atmospheric Ammonia and Ammonium.- Experimental Assessment of Atmospheric Ammonia Dispersion and Short Range Dry Deposition in a Maize Canopy.- Dynamics of Ammonia Exchange in Response to Cutting and Fertilising in an Intensively-Managed Grassland.- Measurement and Modelling of Ammonia Emissions at Waste Treatment Lagoon-Atmospheric Interface.- A Relaxed Eddy Accumulation System for the Automated Measurement of Atmospheric Ammonia Fluxes.- Long Term NH3 Flux Measurements above Grasslands in the Netherlands.- IV: Ozone and Volatile Organic Compounds.- Areal Measurements of Ozone, Water, and Heat Fluxes over Land with Different Surface Complexity, using Aircraft.- Ozone Deposition at a Forest Site in NE Bavaria.- Ozone Dry Deposition Velocities for Coastal Waters.- A Coupled Land-Surface and Dry Deposition Model and Comparison to Field Measurements of Surface Heat, Moisture, and Ozone Fluxes.- Characteristics of an Ozone Deposition Module.- Comparisons of Measured and Modelled Ozone Depostion to Forests in Northern Europe.- Uptake of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Broad Leaves: Analysis of Kinetic Limitations.- Model Evaluation of Dry Deposition to Vegetation for Volatile and Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds in a Multimedia Environment.- V: Aerosols and Metals.- Formation of Reactive Gaseous Mercury in the Arctic: Evidence of Oxidation of Hg to Gas-Phase Hg-II Compounds after Arctic Sunrise.- Aerosol Particle Processing and Removal by Fogs: Observations in Chemically Heterogeneous Central California Radiation Fogs.- Deliquescence of Deposited Atmospheric Particles on Leaf Surfaces.- On the Size Dependence of Particle Deposition.- Aerosol Generation by Bubble Collapse at Ocean Surfaces.- VI: Wet Deposition and Cloud Processes.- Uncertainty in Estimation of Wet Deposition of Sulphur.- Gas and Aerosol Loadings at Holme Moss 1996-1998, Measurements and Analysis using Back-Trajectory Clustering.- The Role of Cloud Processing in the Relationship between Wet Deposited Sulphur and Sulphur Dioxide Emissions.- Chemifog_V - A Model to Simulate Radiation Fogs and their Interaction with Vegetation and Chemistry.- Monitoring Studies of Precipitation and Cap Cloud Chemistry at Holme Moss in the Southern Pennines.- Oxidation of SO2 in Clouds at Whiteface Mountain.- VII: Greenhouse Gases.- Physical Determinants of Methane Oxidation Capacity in a Temperate Soil.- Metabolic and Environmental Control on Methane Emission from Soils: Mechanistic Studies of Mesotrophic Fen in West Siberia.- Methane Fluxes in West Siberia: 3-D Regional Model Simulation.- Nitrous Oxide Concentrations in the Soil of a Mown Grassland: Comparison of Model Results with Soil Profile Measurements.- Methane Fluxes from a Wetland using the Flux-Gradient Technique.- Methane Emission Estimates from Landfills Obtained with Dynamic Plume Measurements.
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